Chapter 9 Notes 10-15-09

Chapter 9 Notes 10-15-09 - Chapter 9 Intelligence...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 9 Intelligence
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Intelligence Intelligence is a combination of general abilities and practiced skill. This ability develops gradually. The first intelligence tests were developed for the practical function of selecting students for admissions or placement in schools. They had no firm theoretical grounding. It is no surprise then that IQ scores correlate best with ability to do well in school. Here are some definitions of intelligence from psychologists: The _mental___ abilities that enable one to adapt to, shape or select one’s environment. The ability to __judge__ , to comprehend, and to reason. The ability to _understand_ and deal with people, objects and symbols. The ability to _act_ purposefully, think rationally and deal effectively with the environment.
Background image of page 2
What is Intelligence? ****Charles Spearman’s _psychometric__ approach and the “g” factor. He developed the psychometric approach to intelligence. He attempted to _measure_ individual differences in behaviors and abilities. He measured how _well_ a variety of people performed on a diverse selection of tasks and found that level of performance on one task was correlated _positively_ with level of performance on all of the others.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Figure 9.1 Figure 9.1 According to Spearman (1904), all intelligent abilities have an area of overlap, which he called g (for “general”). Each ability also depends partly on an s (for “specific”) factor.
Background image of page 4
Fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence Raymond Cattell modified Spearman’s psychometric model in one important way. He believed that the “g” factor has two components: • Fluid intelligence – Ex - would be _learning_ the skills of a new game or subject area in school. – The power of reasoning and applying information Crystallized intelligence Ex - would be the _knowledge_ base and skills of a person who had been playing the game or studying the subject for many years. – Compromised of acquired skills and knowledge and the application
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/25/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:101 taught by Professor Garybrill during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 17

Chapter 9 Notes 10-15-09 - Chapter 9 Intelligence...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online