Chapter 11 Notes 10-27-09

Chapter 11 Notes 10-27-09 - Chapter 11 Motivated Behaviors...

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Chapter 11 Motivated Behaviors
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Properties of Motivated Behavior Properties of motivated behavior: – They are goal directed  _behaviors__  – motivated  individuals keep working until they reach their goal. – If an individual varies the behavior and persists until  reaching a goal, it is a motivated behavior. Motivation as an energy – The word  _motivation_  is derived from the same root as  _motion_ ” – something that moves an organism. – It can be defined as what activates and  _directs_  behavior.
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Drive theories – Motivation is the physical and psychological process that drives us  toward a certain goal. If the ‘ _push_ ’ comes from within, it’s a  ___drive_  (internal conditions) . If it comes from  __incentive__/ external’  sources – A  _drive_  is a state of unrest or irritation that energizes one behavior  after another until one of them removes the irritation. Drive-reduction  __theory__  proposes that animals strive to reduce  their drives as much as possible. By extension, drive-reduction theory would  __predict__  that once all needs  have been met, the organism would become inactive. – People seek variety and activity in life, not a condition of non- stimulation – The theory ignores the role of external  stimulation.  Interest in food  depends not only on hunger but also on what foods are available.
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Homeostasis _Homeostasis_   is the maintenance of an optimum level of biological  conditions within an organism. – Conditions such as temperature, hydration, nutrition, and weight are  _maintained_  at a state of equilibrium. – Unlike drive-reduction theory, in homeostasis it is necessary for the  organism to expend energy to maintain the optimum state. Incentive theories _Incentives_  are external stimuli that pull us toward certain actions. – Most motivated behaviors are  controlled  by a combination of drives  and incentives – You eat because you are  hungry  and also because you are standing in  front of a restaurant offering appealing sights and smells of food.
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Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations – An  _intrinsic__  motivation  is a motivation to do an act for its own  sake.  – An  _extrinsic__  motivation  is based on the reinforcements and  punishments that may follow an action.  – Most motivated behaviors result form a combination of intrinsic and  extrinsic motivations. Sometimes providing extrinsic motivations for a behavior that are already 
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:101 taught by Professor Garybrill during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter 11 Notes 10-27-09 - Chapter 11 Motivated Behaviors...

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