Chapter 12 Notes 10-29-09

Chapter 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Emotional Behaviors Stress and Health Emotion Emotion Though emotions_comprise a significant and crucial part of our

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Chapter 12 Emotional Behaviors, Stress and Health
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Emotion Emotion Though emotions __comprise_ a significant and crucial part of our individual and social experience, emotion is an elusive concept, difficult to define and measure. __Brain_ damaged people with impaired emotions are generally inferior decision-makers. _Emotions_ are a powerful informer of our decisions, closely related to motivation, as almost any motivation has an emotion tied to it.
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Excitement and Physiological Arousal The role of the autonomic nervous system The autonomic nervous system is the division that _controls_ the functioning of the internal _organs_ . The ANS has two subdivisions, the sympathetic and parasympathetic _nervous_ systems. Definition of Autonomic: It is controlled by _independent_ responses. It describes an action or response that occurs without conscious control
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The Autonomic Nervous System The sympathetic nervous system The sympathetic nervous system is comprised of _two_ chains of neuron clusters just to the left and right of the spinal cord. It prepares the body for intense activity, “fight or _flight_ ” and other stress-related behaviors. It is the _crisis_ management” center. The parasympathetic nervous system is the long-term survival center, promoting rest by decreasing heart rate, digestion, and other _functions_ that keep an organism alive in the long-term. Its main _function_ is to conserve/restore your body's energy.
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The Autonomic Nervous System The two divisions of the ANS Both systems are active, and shifting between the two systems helps to keep the body in a _balanced_ condition called homeostasis . We cannot directly control autonomic _responses_ , but we can influence them by voluntary cognition and behavior.
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The Autonomic Nervous System The Opponent-Process Principle of _Emotion_ After sympathetic nervous system activity slows down, the body responds with increased parasympathetic _activity_ Removal of a stimulus that excites one emotion causes a swing to an opposite emotion. The _initial_ emotion is referred to as the “A” state, and the rebound emotion as the “B” state.
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Emotion and Perceived Arousal The James-Lange theory of emotions Two nineteenth century psychologists, working independently, came up with a different interpretation of how emotion and physiological reactions are _related_ . The James-Lange theory states that a person’s interpretation of a stimulus evokes the autonomic changes _directly_ . You decide that you are happy because you are smiling, sad because you are frowning and tears are forming in your _eyes_ . According to the James-Lange theory, the reactions are not enough to produce the emotions, but you will not have the full experience of the emotions without _them_ .
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William James and Carl  Lange proposed an  _idea_  that  was opposed to the common- sense  _view_ .  
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:101 taught by Professor Garybrill during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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Chapter 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Emotional Behaviors Stress and Health Emotion Emotion Though emotions_comprise a significant and crucial part of our

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