Chapter 13 Notes 11-10-09

Chapter 13 Notes 11-10-09 - Chapter 13 Social Psychology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 13 Social Psychology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Social Psychology Social psychologists study social _behavior_ . They are interested in the ways people _influence_ and are influenced by each other. Social psychology is a diverse field incorporating the study of _attitudes_ and perceptions, persuasion, and typical behaviors of relatively normal people in their relationships with others. Altruism Social psychologists seek to _explain_ why at times compete with each other for resources while at other times we cooperate What determines whether we’ll cooperate or _compete_ ?
Background image of page 2
Cooperation and Competition _Cultural_ Transmission It is possible that we learn to cooperate instead of compete because other members of our community will punish us for not exhibiting some altruistic behavior. Accepting or denying responsibility toward others Bystander helpfulness or _apathy__ Why do people fail to intervene sometimes during a _crime_ or accident?
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Bystander helpfulness or apathy The presence of many  _people_  during a crime may create a sense of  diffusion of responsibility. • We may convince ourselves that if there are many other people  present, someone else will help, so we need do  _nothing_ . • Pluralistic ignorance is another explanation for this lack of action. • People are less likely to help someone if they see other people who  are in an equally good position to help. They will decide therefore  to say or do nothing. Diffusion of Responsibility    “It’s not responsibility to help any more than someone else’s.  __we_   tend to feel less responsible to act when other people are equally  able to  _help_ Social loafing  - is the tendency to “loaf” or work  _less_  hard when  a part of a group or sharing work with other people.
Background image of page 4
Cooperation and Competition Lawrence Kohlberg – Founder of Moral Development Kohlberg became fascinated with children's reactions to  ___moral__ - --- _dilemmas_ through the work of  _jean--   _piaget_. This theory holds that  moral reasoning, which is the basis for _ethnical__ behavior, has six  identifiable  __developmental_ stages Lawrence Kohlberg argued that moral reasoning progresses through distinct  stages.  He believed that we gradually develop our tendencies towards  altruistic and cooperative behavior.  Moral reasoning should be evaluated on  the basis of the reasons someone gives for a decision rather than the decision  itself. Young children tend to equate wrongness with punishment. He measured the maturity of an individual’s moral reasoning by evaluating the 
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/25/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:101 taught by Professor Garybrill during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 21

Chapter 13 Notes 11-10-09 - Chapter 13 Social Psychology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online