RU+-+Chapt+16+for+students

RU+-+Chapt+16+for+students - Chapter 16 Specific Disorders...

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Chapter 16 Specific Disorders and Treatments
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Progress in Abnormal Psychology We have much yet to _learn_ . We now can make accurate distinctions between a wide range of disorders and we can tailor treatments to meet the needs of those suffering from _mental_ disorders.
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Disorders with Excessive Anxiety Anxiety refers to a certain amount of fear and caution in the face of potential _hazards_ . A certain amount of anxiety is normal. Anxiety is considered pathological when it interferes with daily _functioning_ . Major symptoms are fear, anxiety, avoidance behavior , fearful thoughts on what will happen. Panic Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder Phobia Somatoform Disorder Dissociative Identity Disorder
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Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is the experience of almost constant and exaggerated _worry_ . There is no basis for the worries but the person is tense, irritable and tired. It is chronic worry for 6 months or more. About 5% of the general population will experience _GAD_ . GAD is diagnosed when a person worries excessively about varied daily problems for at least 6 months. Symptoms : chronic, exaggerated worry, tension, irritable, restlessness, trouble _sleeping_ Treatment : Anxiety is the most common, most treatable mental disorder. Cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, biofeedback.
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Panic disorder (PD) is characterized by frequent periods of anxiety and occasional attacks of _panic_ . Panic attacks involve rapid breathing, increased heart rate, chest pains, sweating, trembling and faintness. Panic attacks usually last just a few minutes, but can be much longer. It’s sudden attacks of terror, with pounding heart. Usually produces sense of unreality, fear of losing _control_ . People with panic disorder tend to interpret them as uncontrollable and life threatening. Hyperventilation , or rapid deep breathing, is a key _symptom_ . Hyperventilation causes the body to react as if suffocation were occurring. Treatments for Panic Disorder include: Psychotherapy Anti-depressant drugs Advice: “Don’t worry about panic attacks; they won’t kill you.”
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Phobias Phobia is the most common type disorder involving avoidance behaviors. A phobia is strong and persistent fear of a specific object or situation – so strong it interferes with daily _living_ . • Phobia usually does not persist across the lifetime – many young adults lose them by middle age. Avoidance behaviors are highly resistant to _extinction_ . Common co-existing disorders include : Social phobia – severe avoidance of other people and _fear_ of doing anything in public. Agoraphobia
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2010 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 830:101 taught by Professor Garybrill during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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RU+-+Chapt+16+for+students - Chapter 16 Specific Disorders...

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