historynotesfinal - Japanese History and Culture (to ca....

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Japanese History and Culture (to ca. 1500) (11/3-11/5) 1. Themes in Japanese history a. Adoption and adaptation b. Continuity and change 2. Early Japan a. Origins and ancestors, the Kajihi b. Prince Shatahu , Yanato clan , Empress Suiko , Buddhism and Confucianism 3. Shinto , “Way of the Gods” a. Animistic religion, associated with imperial family b. Celebratory, emphasis on purity, reaction to Buddhism 4. Nara Era (710-784) a. Taiks Reforms , T’ang China as model, disasters of 730s b. Manyoshu and the Todaji Temple (with Daibutsu) 5. Heian Era (784-1185) a. Kyoto, Fujiwara clan, Michinaga Fujiwara (966-1027) b. Heian Literature: court women and kana i. Murasaki Shikibu, Tale of Genji ii. Sei Shonagon, Pillow Book 6. Kamakura (1185-1333) and Ashikaga (1336-1570) a. Rise of military government (bakufu) and warrior (samurai) class b. The shogun c. Rise of Zen, tea ceremony, Noh d. Two Mongol attacks during Kamakura Era 7. Zen Buddhism a. Eisai, Zen as the Defender of the Nation b. Meditation, concentration, zazen, and satori c. “What is the sound of one hand clapping?” 8. Summary of Kamakura and Ashikaga Eras 9. Onin War- 1467-1477 “warring states” until 1570s
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Korea: Land of the Morning Calm (Early History to ca. 1500CE) (11/9) 1. Intro and Geography a. Similarities with Japan: Mahayana Buddhism, Confucianism, worldview, adaptation of Chinese traditions, etc b. Differences with Japan: Korean civilization earlier, climate, no threat to neighbors 2. Ancient Choson/Korea a. King Tangun, Altaic origins, Pyongyang b. Han invasion 3. Three Kingdoms (220ce-668) a. Koguryo b. Paekche c. Silla d. Kaya League/Mimana 4. Silla (668-935) a. Kaesong; pottery and porcelain; tributary of China; Mahayana 5. Koryo (935-1392) a. King Taeju b. Papermaking and movable type printing c. Mongol control by 1231
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The Mongols are Coming (11/12) 1. Why study the Mongols? a. Larges land empire; ended/interrupted major civilizations; bridge of information; ideas, and trade between Asia and Europe—Pax Mongolia 2. Temujin/Genghis/Chinggis Khan (ca. 1170-1227) a. Nomadic tribes of Asian steppes b. Becomes khagan in 1206 c. First attacks on northern China, then Kharazam d. Comparison with tribes of Arabian Peninsula, Genghis illiterate but not ignorant e. Interest in arts, sciences, culture of conquered areas 3. Mongol Khanates a. Ogedei as Great Khan, capital at Karakorum b. Four areas: i. Grand Khans (Mongolia, Korea, China-Yuan Dynasty) 1. Kubilai Khan, attempts at Japan, kamikaze (“divine wind”), Marco Polo ii. Golden Horde (Western and southern Russia, East Europe) 1. Batu iii. Ilkhans (Persia, Middle East, Muslim areas) 1. Hulegu; conquers Baghdad; stopped by Mameluks of Egypt, Baibars iv. Jagatai/Djagatai (Central Asia) 4. Women Rule a. Sorkhokhtami: widow of Tolui (youngest son of Genghis) and mother of Monke, Arik Boke, and Khubilai (all Great Khans) and mother of Lukegu (Khan of Persia) b. Toregene: wife of Ogodei Khan 5. Military, Travel, and Communications
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This note was uploaded on 01/25/2010 for the course HY 104 taught by Professor Johnvansant during the Spring '09 term at University of Alabama at Birmingham.

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historynotesfinal - Japanese History and Culture (to ca....

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