The French Revolution

The French Revolution - The French Revolution Multiple...

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The French Revolution Multiple Choice: Know the purpose of the Estates General and why they initially convened (met) in 1789. The Estates General represented the clergy, nobles, and the Third Estate (peasants, workers, and bourgeoisie). It brought the middle class into the political process. It met because almost bankrupt and they were called to deal with it. Know the circumstances of the Tennis Court Oath. The Third Estate wanted more representatives to sway votes in their favor. The King would not allow it and he locked them out of a political meeting. The outraged deputies gathered instead in a tennis court and swore not to disband until they had written a constitution for France. Know the changes made by the moderates. The moderates confiscated and sold the lands belonging to the Catholic Church. They wrote a constitution that stripped the clergy of their rights and placed the church under the jurisdiction of the state (church answers to the state). They represented the middle class and outlawed worker unions and the right to strike. Know the effects of the Jacobin period. The government was rigidly centralized. All dissent among French citizens was silenced. The domestic revolutionaries were there to crush any kind of peasant revolts from within. Know who was responsible for the terror and who the terror was directed against. Robespierre was responsible for the terror. The terror was directed against the nobles, priests, workers, peasants, his own colleagues, and anyone that went against him. True or False: Know what the National Convention did to the French Monarchy They abolished the French Monarchy and condemned the king and queen to death. Know the purpose of Robespierre’s “Republic of Virtue” The republic created by the revolution would, he believed, produce civic virtue in all citizens, who should devote themselves to the service of the nation and their fellow citizens. He took from the writings of Rousseau the vision of an ideal republic—a “Republic of Virtue”—in which both poverty and excessive wealth would be eliminated, and in which reason, trust, and justice would rein. Know whether women were considered “active” or “passive” citizens in regard to suffrage. Women were considered “passive” citizens because they did not have the right to vote. Know how many constitutions were written between the years 1791 to 1799.
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Three Know the significance of the term “Thermidor”. What was the Thermidorian reaction? Thermidor meant heat and was the name for the month of July in the Republican calendar. The Thermidorian reaction describes the reaction by the National Convention to Robespierre’s list of traitors. It caused his downfall and the end of the terror in France.
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The French Revolution - The French Revolution Multiple...

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