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Unformatted text preview: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Maggie Faulkner and Becky Dale What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases? Sexually transmitted diseases are diseases that are mainly spread through sexual intercourse i.e. vaginal, anal, and oral sex. There are at least 25 different STDs each having its own range of symptoms. Most sexually transmitted diseases will only affect you if you have had sexual contact with an individual with the same STD. However, with some STDs, such as crabs, there are other ways of contracting the disease. What are common STD symptoms? Soreness, unusual lumps or sores, itching, pain when urinating, and or unusual discharge from the genitals. Symptoms If your partner tells you he or she has an STD How can you tell if you have a STD? What are the most common STDs? Chlamydia, Crabs or Pubic Lice, Genital Warts, Gonorrhea, Herpes, and Syphilis are the most commonly contracted STDs. Chlamydia Chlamydia is one of the most commonly reported bacterial sexual transmitted diseases. It infects the urethra, rectum, eyes, and the cervix in women. If left untreated, long term infection can lead to fertility problems in women. Chlamydia is transmitted through genital contact and sexual intercourse with someone already infected. Symptoms of this disease usually show between 1 and 3 weeks. Crabs or Pubic Lice Crabs or Pubic Lice are small crabshaped parasites that burrow into the skin to feed on blood. They live in coarse body hair i.e. pubic hair, armpit hair, facial hair, and eyelashes. The lice are yellow in color and can sometimes be spotted moving around on the skin. Crabs are passed during sex and through then sharing of clothes, towels, and bedding. Some common symptoms include itchy skin, inflammation, visible lice and eggs, and spots of blood. Genital Warts Genital warts are caused by some subtypes of HPV. They can appear on the skin anywhere in the genital area as small whitish or flesh colored bumps, or larger, fleshy, cauliflowerlike lumps. They do not cause pain but may itch. There are no other symptoms but if a woman has a wart on her cervix she may experience bleeding and off colored discharge. Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is an STI that can infect the urethra, cervix, rectum, anus, and throat. Symptoms usually appear 1 to 14 days after exposure. The most common symptoms include a burning sensation when urinating, a white or yellow discharge from the penis, and a change in vaginal discharge. Herpes Herpes is caused by two strains of the herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2. Type 2 is more common and usually manifests itself in the genital and anal area. Type 1 is more likely to affect the mouth and lips in the form of cold sore. Symptoms of herpes usually appear 2 to 7 days after exposure and they last 2 to 4 weeks. Common symptoms include itching or tingling sensations in the genital or anal area, small fluid filled blisters that burst leaving small painful sores, pain when urinating, headaches, back pain, and flu like symptoms. Syphilis Syphilis is a bacterial infection that is usually passed through sexual intercourse, but it can also be passed from an infected woman to an unborn child. Syphilis progresses through stages, of which the primary and secondary stages are very infectious. Common symptoms include painless ulcers, small lumps in the groin due to swollen glands, a non itchy rash, and flu like symptoms accompanied with fever. Treatment and Prevention To be treated for a STD you must see a doctor and he or she will most likely prescribe some form of an antibiotic. To prevent contracting a STD an individual must practice abstinence or use contraceptives i.e. condoms. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PE 107 taught by Professor Pukszyn during the Spring '08 term at Moravian.
- Spring '08