Week 2 - Individual Differences At Work

Week 2 - Individual Differences At Work -...

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PS2004 Applied Psychology: Occupational Lecture 1 - introduction and   individual differences in organisations Introduction to occupational psychology  “Occupational psychology is defined in terms of its application” Occupational psychology looks at: people’s opinions about work (are they  satisfied in their role?), assessment of individuals (how do we find the right  person for the job), the nature of work and the organisation (job/task analysis),  The Physical work environment (ergonomics, health and safety etc),  Developments of individuals and groups (how do we help employees reach  their full potential). 5 Traditions in Psychology that influence occupational Psychology Psychoanalytic – unconscious and its influences on behaviour Trait – measuring characteristics (e.g. intelligence, personality) Phenomenological – how do people experience the world around them? Social cognitive – how thought processes are used to interpret social  interactions Behaviourist – behaviour is learned through association. 2 approaches  –  Fit the person to the job (FPJ) e.g. selection  Fit the job to the person (FJP) e.g. working conditions Individual Differences in Organisations Demographic factors  will make a difference to how individuals are perceived 
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Week 2 - Individual Differences At Work -...

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