ch2 solutions - Questions on Concepts Q2.1) Electrical...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
13 Questions on Concepts Q2.1) Electrical current is passed through a resistor immersed in a liquid in an adiabatic container. The temperature of the liquid is raised by 1ºC. The system consists solely of the liquid. Does heat or work flow across the boundary between the system and surroundings? Justify your answer. Although work is done on the resistor, this work is done in the surroundings. Heat flows across the boundary between the surroundings and the system because of the temperature difference between them. Q2.2) Explain how a mass of water in the surroundings can be used to determine q for a process. Calculate q if the temperature of 1.00 kg of water in the surroundings increases by 1.25ºC. Assume that the surroundings are at a constant pressure. If heat flows across the boundary between the system and the surroundings, it will lead to a temperature change in the surroundings given by P q T C ∆= . For the case of interest, -1 -1 3 1000 g 4.19 J g K 1.25 K 5.24 10 J surroundings P qq m C T =− ∆ =− × × × . Q2.3) Explain the relationship between the terms exact differential and state function . In order for a function f ( x,y ) to be a state function, it must be possible to write the total differential df in the form y x ff df dx dy xy ⎛⎞ ∂∂ =+ ⎜⎟ ⎝⎠ . If the form df as written exists, it is an exact differential. Q2.4) Why is it incorrect to speak of the heat or work associated with a system? Heat and work are transients that exist only in the transition between equilibrium states. Therefore, a state at equilibrium is not associated with values of heat or work. Q2.5) Two ideal gas systems undergo reversible expansion starting from the same P and V . At the end of the expansion, the two systems have the same volume. The pressure in the system that has undergone adiabatic expansion is lower that in the system that has undergone isothermal expansion. Explain this result without using equations. In the system undergoing adiabatic expansion, all the work done must come through the lowering of U , and therefore of the temperature. By contrast, some of the work done in the isothermal expansion can come at the expense of the heat that has flowed across the boundary between the system and surroundings.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
14 Q2.6) A cup of water at 278 K (the system) is placed in a microwave oven and the the oven is turned on for one minute, during which it begins to boil. Which of q , w , and U are positive, negative or zero? The heat q is positive because heat flows across the system-surrounding boundary into the system. The work w is negative because the vaporizing water does work on the surroundings. U is positive because the temperature increases and some of the liquid is vaporized. Q2.7) What is wrong with the following statement?: Because the well insulated house stored a lot of heat, the temperature didn't fall much when the furnace failed . Rewrite the sentence to convey the same information in a correct way.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/27/2010 for the course CHEM 3321 taught by Professor Goux during the Fall '09 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

Page1 / 19

ch2 solutions - Questions on Concepts Q2.1) Electrical...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online