The Victorian Period
Queen Victoria had the longest reign in British history and had the greatest
changes in culture, economics, industrial, and science.
This period was called the
Victorian era, which spanned from 1830 to 1901, and was a period of dramatic change in
England, making England a greatest center of world power.
There was a rapid growth of
population in London due to industrialization and pushed away on the ownership of land
to a modern urban economy based on trade and manufacturing.
The early Victorian
period, 1830 to 1848, had a dramatic change with improvements in transportation such as
railroads and the first Reform Bill of 1832.
The Reform Bill of 1832 extended the right
to vote to the lower middle classes and restructuring parliamentary representation to
break up the conservative landowner’s monopoly of power.
During the Middle Victorian
period, 1848 to 1870, it was a period of overall success and general social satisfaction
with growth of improving trade and economic conditions.
The later period of the
Victorian era, 1870 to 1901, was a time of changing attitudes about colonialism,
industrialism, and scientific advancement.
Also, the government went through change
with the House of Commons.
The House of Commons was dominated by two parties, the
Whigs and the Tories, and during the 1850’s the Whigs became the Liberals and the
Tories became known as the Conservatives.
During 1851, there was The Great
Exhibition of 1851, which showcased the greatest innovations of the century.
Next, before the Victorian period the social structure consisted basically of the
Church and aristocracy, the middle class, and the working class.
The working class
consisted of two sections, the workers or laborers and the poor.
This class was about
eighty-five percent of England’s population.
Due to industrialization there was a huge