Essay3 - The Victorian Period Queen Victoria had the...

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The Victorian Period Queen Victoria had the longest reign in British history and had the greatest changes in culture, economics, industrial, and science. This period was called the Victorian era, which spanned from 1830 to 1901, and was a period of dramatic change in England, making England a greatest center of world power. There was a rapid growth of population in London due to industrialization and pushed away on the ownership of land to a modern urban economy based on trade and manufacturing. The early Victorian period, 1830 to 1848, had a dramatic change with improvements in transportation such as railroads and the first Reform Bill of 1832. The Reform Bill of 1832 extended the right to vote to the lower middle classes and restructuring parliamentary representation to break up the conservative landowner’s monopoly of power. During the Middle Victorian period, 1848 to 1870, it was a period of overall success and general social satisfaction with growth of improving trade and economic conditions. The later period of the Victorian era, 1870 to 1901, was a time of changing attitudes about colonialism, industrialism, and scientific advancement. Also, the government went through change with the House of Commons. The House of Commons was dominated by two parties, the Whigs and the Tories, and during the 1850’s the Whigs became the Liberals and the Tories became known as the Conservatives. During 1851, there was The Great Exhibition of 1851, which showcased the greatest innovations of the century. Next, before the Victorian period the social structure consisted basically of the Church and aristocracy, the middle class, and the working class. The working class consisted of two sections, the workers or laborers and the poor. This class was about eighty-five percent of England’s population. Due to industrialization there was a huge
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boost of the middle and working classes. With the growth of Industrialization there where more and more social divisions between each class such as the working class were being broken down into the industrial workers and people under which lived in poverty. Moreover, in Asa Briggs’ Victorian People , he went to describe different Victorian people. The first person he talks and describes is John Arthur Roebuck, the Radical member for Sheffield, Bagehot, Trollope, and then moves to Samuel Smiles of Self Help . He then talks about Thomas Hughes, Robert Applegarth, John Bright, Benjamin Disraeli, and Robert Lowe. Each of these people is a separate study, and Briggs skillfully led each one on to the other connecting them to a whole, complete story. Briggs says the keywords during this period were thought, work, and progress.
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2010 for the course HIST 860 taught by Professor M during the Spring '10 term at Pittsburgh.

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Essay3 - The Victorian Period Queen Victoria had the...

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