Unformatted text preview: Imperial power made effective through sophisticated bureaucracy. Initially recruited from aristocracts but then extended to the masses through basis of merit. One of the earliest meritocracy. Examinations. Literal population. 30% adult literacy from Ming dynasty period. The level for the examinations was significantly higher. No age limitations although sex was restricted to males. Examinations take place continuously. Government postings were correlated with these examination results. Scholars study throughout their lifes. Chen Duxia - Founding general secretary, leading figure of may 4th....
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- Fall '10
- Qing Dynasty, History of China, equality. hierarchy view, early Jesuit maps, Ming dynasty period