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Unformatted text preview: monarchy, provincial, republican, etc. 10 year campaign to remove poppy and opium. Almost succeeded, until retaliation from Europe via gunboats. 1911 revolution, dynasty collapse, relative absence of violence and bloodshed, substantial anti-manchu violence. Political structure were revolutionized, emergence of new social forces. roadblocks to fundamental change were removed/reduced....
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This note was uploaded on 01/27/2010 for the course JMC JMC301 taught by Professor Falkenheim during the Fall '10 term at University of Toronto.
- Fall '10