posc10_powerpoints_07 - POSC 10: Lecture 7 Professor Ben...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
POSC 10: Lecture 7 Professor Ben Bishin
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Announcements Reading: WTP: Ch. 6 Bartels: Also, a note taker is needed (contact: special student services) Rebecca.aguiar@ucr.edu Study guide: $5 Today
Background image of page 2
Role of Government Politics is a way of arranging collective action. Why? Act collectively because there are advantages in doing so. All parties better off than they would be acting alone. We can solve problems that individuals alone can’t solve.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
A Collective Action Problem The Prisoner’s Dilemma: Two suspects, are arrested by the police who have insufficient evidence for a conviction. They separate the prisoners and offer the same deal. However, neither prisoner knows for sure what choice the other prisoner will make.
Background image of page 4
Barriers to Collective Action The Prisoner’s Dilemma: So if you are one of the two suspects, what do you do? 2 scenarios: 1. Assume your accomplice squeals: then you have the option of getting 25 years by staying silent, or 5 years by also squealing. 2. Assume your accomplice stays silent: then if you squeal you go free, but if you stay silent then you get one year.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Barriers to Collective Action The Prisoner’s Dilemma: So if you are one of the two suspects, what do you do? The “dominant” strategy is to squeal since regardless of what your “accomplice” does you are better off. But notice, if you both squeal you are both worse off than if you had coordinated and both stayed silent.
Background image of page 6
Suspect 2 Squeal Suspect 2 Stay Silent Suspect 1 Squeal Both serve 5 years Suspect 1 goes free Suspect 2 gets 25 years Suspect 1 Stay Silent Suspect 1 gets 25 years Suspect 2 goes free Both serve 1 year Prisoner’s Dilemma
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Barriers to Collective Action What are the barriers to collective action in the prisoner’s dilemma? 1. Hard to resolve conflicts over the substance of the action because there are issues with the credibility of commitment (different interests). 2. Coordination. 3. Transaction costs (e.g., hiring a lawyer). 4. Conformity costs (i.e., getting both suspects to agree).
Background image of page 8
Barriers to Collective Action Solution to collective action problems: Delegation of authority : Authority to coordinate Enforce collective agreements Punish free riding. IRS Chinese Boatmen
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Collective Action But every solution creates its own problems: Authority raises the problem of delegation. Faced every time you engage anyone to act
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 34

posc10_powerpoints_07 - POSC 10: Lecture 7 Professor Ben...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online