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Lecture Quiz #2 – 2 Alcohol BasicsAlcohol is the drug that has been used the longest in human historyoDrug: any substance consumed that causes a physiological change in the bodyoCoffee, aspirin, nicotine are widely used more than alcoholoBoyer thinks coffee is the #1 drugoIt has been around since the beginning of timeBiogeography: subfield of geographyoStudy of the factors influencing the distribution of plants and animals,approached from ecological, historical, and cultural perspectivesoHuman influences like habitat alteration, extinctionAlcohol is from an Arabic wordoEthylGrain alcoholoAny beverage that has ethyl alcohol in itoPre-civilization eraBoyer inventedAlco-biogeography: study of the factors influencing the distribution ofthose plants that are the base ingredients for alcohol, approached from ecological,historical, and cultural perspectivesHuman influence on those plants used for producing alcohol would be primary focusoAs would the impact alcohol production has had on defining cultural landscapesoWe define cultures by their productsTequila and Mexicothe plant is originally from MexicoAlcohol can occur naturallyoCan accidentally happen in rotting fruitoPeople stumbled into this pre-civilizationDesire for alcohol could be the reason people settled down from hunter gatheringHumans have been tweaking alcohol every year since 10,000 years ago to make it betteroFlavors, places, etc.Alcohol production is different than other parts of our dietoYou can eat corn, grain, milk, and this will keep you aliveoAlters your mind, perception, behaviorThere are other drug plans out there, but are not nearly as accessible as alcoholoAccessibilityyou can make alcohol so easilyoHelp to define cultures and societiesEthyl alcohol (grain)this is in all alcohol that gets you drunkoThere are way more types of alcoholsMethinal (wood)Isapropal (rubbing)ButinalGlisseralo^none of these are drugsLethal in high amounts but do not get you drunkWhere do we get ethyl from?oBased on same formula
oSimple sugar that gets broken down from yeastoGlucose (c6h120o6)ethanol (c2h5oh) + carbon dioxide 2co2You might also see ethanol with the formula C2H6O. IT IS THE SAMETHING