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Lecture Quiz #2 – 2 Alcohol BasicsAlcohol is the drug that has been used the longest in human history oDrug: any substance consumed that causes a physiological change in the body oCoffee, aspirin, nicotine are widely used more than alcohol oBoyer thinks coffee is the #1 drug oIt has been around since the beginning of time Biogeography: subfield of geography oStudy of the factors influencing the distribution of plants and animals, approached from ecological, historical, and cultural perspectives oHuman influences like habitat alteration, extinction Alcohol is from an Arabic word oEthyl Grain alcohol oAny beverage that has ethyl alcohol in it oPre-civilization eraBoyer invented Alco-biogeography: study of the factors influencing the distribution ofthose plants that are the base ingredients for alcohol, approached from ecological, historical, and cultural perspectives Human influence on those plants used for producing alcohol would be primary focus oAs would the impact alcohol production has had on defining cultural landscapes oWe define cultures by their products Tequila and Mexico the plant is originally from Mexico Alcohol can occur naturallyoCan accidentally happen in rotting fruit oPeople stumbled into this pre-civilization Desire for alcohol could be the reason people settled down from hunter gathering Humans have been tweaking alcohol every year since 10,000 years ago to make it betteroFlavors, places, etc.Alcohol production is different than other parts of our diet oYou can eat corn, grain, milk, and this will keep you alive oAlters your mind, perception, behavior There are other drug plans out there, but are not nearly as accessible as alcohol oAccessibility you can make alcohol so easily oHelp to define cultures and societiesEthyl alcohol (grain) this is in all alcohol that gets you drunk oThere are way more types of alcoholsMethinal (wood)Isapropal (rubbing) Butinal Glisseral o^none of these are drugs Lethal in high amounts but do not get you drunk Where do we get ethyl from?oBased on same formula
oSimple sugar that gets broken down from yeast oGlucose (c6h120o6) ethanol (c2h5oh) + carbon dioxide 2co2You might also see ethanol with the formula C2H6O. IT IS THE SAME THING