Lecture 5 - History of the Grape (Grape #3).docx - Lecture...

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Lecture 5: A Brief History of the Grape (Grape #3)History of Vitis Vinifrao“Global Traveler Explordinare”oTravel continues as it’s being pushed into new places it has never beenoAll table wine is from this particular species, that has subspecies and cultivarsoIS FROM GEORGIAFrom the Caucasus regionoMountains from black sea to Caspian seaoVery high peaks (20-22K feet)oNatural human barrier for movementoPolitical barriers as wellRussia vs Georgia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, IranGeorgia is maybe the place where the grape originatedSouthern flank of Caucasus mountainsArchaeological evidence suggests that this specific species is from this placeoUnlike most other organic materials, tomatoes, bread, or grainsthey rot awayand leave no evidence behindoGrapeswe can find in ancient recordPips (seeds): resilient as are the woody stems and will focalizeYou can grind up pips and then genetically test them and unravel the DNAoCan also see this with the wild grapevines that are still growing out in the forestsand plains of today’s Turkey, Georgia, and ArmeniaWe can do chemical analysisoPot shardsold clay vesselsoStarted detecting crystaling residueYellow or red residueUsed to think it was yogurt or milk being stored, but not we can testexactly what this stuff isFound very high levels of tartaric acid in a lot of these unearthed potsthat are 4-6 thousand years agooOnly one fruit has tartaric levels this highgrapes!Genetic DNA ties and pots found in the regionWrong to think pots were being used to store grape juice, because naturally, it wouldhave fermented into wine90-95% sure that this species comes from the southern flank of the Caucasus mountainsoVery genetically closeoGrey shading: modern wild grape vines closeoGrape cluster on map: fossilized evidence of stems and pipsoClay pot symbols: digs that have found lots of potsGrape clusters: 8,000-6,000 BCPottery shard: 6,000-3,000 BCNeolithic revolution: humans did radical transition from being hunter-gatherers ro beingagriculturalists
o10,500-8,000 BCo

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Term
Spring
Professor
BOYER
Tags
Vitis vinifera, History of Vitis Vinifra

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