Lecture 5 - History of the Grape (Grape #3).docx - Lecture 5 A Brief History of the Grape(Grape#3 History of Vitis Vinifra o \u201cGlobal Traveler

Lecture 5 - History of the Grape (Grape #3).docx - Lecture...

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Lecture 5: A Brief History of the Grape (Grape #3) History of Vitis Vinifra o “Global Traveler Explordinare” o Travel continues as it’s being pushed into new places it has never been o All table wine is from this particular species, that has subspecies and cultivars o IS FROM GEORGIA From the Caucasus region o Mountains from black sea to Caspian sea o Very high peaks (20-22K feet) o Natural human barrier for movement o Political barriers as well Russia vs Georgia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran Georgia is maybe the place where the grape originated Southern flank of Caucasus mountains Archaeological evidence suggests that this specific species is from this place o Unlike most other organic materials, tomatoes, bread, or grains they rot away and leave no evidence behind o Grapes we can find in ancient record Pips (seeds): resilient as are the woody stems and will focalize You can grind up pips and then genetically test them and unravel the DNA o Can also see this with the wild grapevines that are still growing out in the forests and plains of today’s Turkey, Georgia, and Armenia We can do chemical analysis o Pot shards old clay vessels o Started detecting crystaling residue Yellow or red residue Used to think it was yogurt or milk being stored, but not we can test exactly what this stuff is Found very high levels of tartaric acid in a lot of these unearthed pots that are 4-6 thousand years ago o Only one fruit has tartaric levels this high grapes! Genetic DNA ties and pots found in the region Wrong to think pots were being used to store grape juice, because naturally, it would have fermented into wine 90-95% sure that this species comes from the southern flank of the Caucasus mountains o Very genetically close o Grey shading: modern wild grape vines close o Grape cluster on map: fossilized evidence of stems and pips o Clay pot symbols: digs that have found lots of pots Grape clusters: 8,000-6,000 BC Pottery shard: 6,000-3,000 BC Neolithic revolution: humans did radical transition from being hunter-gatherers ro being agriculturalists
o 10,500-8,000 BC o

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