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lec14 - ASUC Lecture Notes Online is the only authorized...

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         ASUC Lecture Notes Online is the only authorized note-taking service at UC Berkeley. Do not share, copy or illegally distribute (electronically or otherwise) these notes. Our student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only.          Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course. ANNOUCEMENTS Readings for next Thursday: Gina Kolata’s “Searching for Clarity” and Thomas Malthus, chapters 1 and 2. Midterm is next Tuesday . Bring your iClicker. Do not bring blue books. Old midterms are on bSpace. Practice using diagrams. It will cover through Massey even if I do not get through there in lecture. There will be a review session on Monday 5:30- 7:00 in room 100 of Genetics and Plant Biology building (GPB). I uploaded a set of review questions on bSpace. Print them out and bring them to the review. The GSIs are having a review session on Sunday from 3:30- 5:00 in the same room. Problem set 3 has been returned, you can pick it up in the demography building. I have also uploaded information on bSpace about internships, jobs, and other opportunities. LECTURE Lecture Outline 1) Empirics of Labor Market 2) Fiscal impacts of immigration 3) Border policy and immigration. Natural Experiment: Mariel Boat Lift I have talked about how it can be difficult to adequately measure the effects of immigration in local labor markets due to a number of factors (people leaving local labor markets, uneven capital flows in cities, trade amongst cities). There is disagreement among academics about how important these problems are. Carr, here at Berkeley, believes that they are not that important, but Borjas believes that they are. A way to overcome these problems is by looking at natural experiments. Card looked at immigrants arriving from Cuba on the Mariel Boat Lift. This was a brief window of time in which people who wanted to leave Cuba were permitted to do so. Many did and came to the US, Miami specifically. As a result, the labor force in Miami increased by 7% in two months. They were not coming because of high wages, bur because of Miami’s proximity to Cuba. This provided a way to observe how immigrants affected the local labor market. Card found no effect on native workers and on unskilled native workers. However, there was probably an effect on previous Cuban migrants, as they were close to perfect substitutes for the new Cubans. Following Card’s study, there have been studies done on French-Algerians moving back to France.
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