Congress

Congress - Midterm Congress Professor Reeves Thursday,...

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Congress Professor Reeves 1 Midterm Thursday, October 22 [about 3 weeks away] Review session, week of. Extra ofFce hours, week of. Review sheet Thursday before. 2 Congress Lecture Outline Representation. Problems of Legislative Organization. The Organization of Congress. How a Bill Becomes a Law. How Congress Decides. Additional Powers of Congress. 3 Representation What is to be represented? constituency. party. party leaders. Congress. 4
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Representation Models of Representation: Trustee. Delegate. 5 Representation Trustee: representation based on what he / she thinks is best for her constituency. 6 Representation Delegate: Representation based on preferences of constituency. 7 Representation Agency Representation. representatives are held accountable to their constituents. constituents have the power to hire and Fre their representatives. 8
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Representation Politicians are ambitious. discover preferences of district. represent effectively. maintain ofFce; run for higher ofFce. 9 Representation: House v. Senate Bicameral legislature. two chambers. Different characteristics. 10 11 Representation: House v. Senate Senate: more deliberative; individual power; generalists; districts are states; “the saucer that cools the tea.” 12
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Representation: House v. Senate House: centralized power; strong(er) leaders; specialists; smaller, more homogenous districts; recently, more partisan . 13 Representation: The Electoral System Running for ofFce. who decides to run? party leaders pick? ambition. money. have it or attract it. ties to other politicians, interests groups. 14 Representation: The Electoral System Incumbency. Holding the ofFce for which one is running. Members want to stay. ±ranking privilege. Constituency services (case work): special bills, appeal regulatory decisions, lost social security check, veterans beneFts. 15 Representation: The Electoral System Incumbency (continued). Patronage: make appointments; favors to supporters. Pork-barrel legislation. appropriations for (unnecessary) local projects; created to gain support in the district. 16
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17 18 Open Seats 2008 House: 6D; 29R. (about 7%) Senate: 5R (about 5%) 19 20
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Representation: The Electoral System Incumbency (continued). High rates of reelection. Sophomore Surge: Margin between victory in Frst election and the second election. easier to raise money. power patronage and pork barrel politics. 22 23 Representation: The Electoral System Incumbency (continued). scare-off potential challengers.
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2010 for the course PO PO211 taught by Professor Reeves during the Fall '09 term at BU.

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Congress - Midterm Congress Professor Reeves Thursday,...

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