Presidency

Presidency - Announcements The Presidency Professor Reeves...

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The Presidency Professor Reeves 1 Announcements Midterm: 10/22 in class. Midterm review: 10/20. Review Sheet: 10/15. Extra ofFce hours: week of 10/19 TBA. Through Chapter 7. (1 more meetings). No class next Tuesday 10/13. 2 Lecture Outline The Constitutional Basis of the Presidency. The Constitutional Powers of the Presidency. The Rise of Presidential Government. Presidential Government. 3 Constitutional Basis Article II of the Constitution. QualiFcations. natural-born citizen. thirty-Fve years old. resident of US for fourteen years. 4
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Constitutional Basis Article II (continued). method of selection. basic powers. Establishes unity executive. 5 Selection of President by direct election? by Congress? by indirect election? Electoral College. 6 Electoral College Each states votes for president. # votes = Senators + Representatives Legislature choose how to select electors. legislatures. direct election. 1856: Every state allowed voters to pick. 7 8
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9 10 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Percent Population Percent Electoral College AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE DC FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NENV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY 11 What if nobody wins? 12
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What if there is a tie? 538 electoral votes. 269 to 269. No majority. After election, electors could switch sides. Goes to House; each state delegation gets one vote. VP picked by Senate. 13 Constitutional Powers Expressed Powers Military. Judicial. Diplomatic. Executive. Legislative. 14 Constitutional Powers Expressed Powers Military. “Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States.” 15 Constitutional Powers Expressed Powers Military Power (continued) commander in chief: highest U.S. military authority. head of intelligence network: Central Intelligence Agency (CIA); National Security Council (NSC); National Security Agency (NSA), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and others. 16
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Constitutional Powers Expressed Powers Military Powers (continued). War and inherent presidential power. Constitution: Congress power to declare war. Not since 1941. 1950: Truman sends forces to Korea without Congressional approval; Congress passes revolution approving. 17 Constitutional Powers Expressed Powers (continued) 1973: War Powers Resolution. President can send troops into action abroad only by authorization of Congress; or troops already under attack / seriously threatened. pass over Nixon’s veto.
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2010 for the course PO PO211 taught by Professor Reeves during the Fall '09 term at BU.

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Presidency - Announcements The Presidency Professor Reeves...

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