Elections

Elections - Announcements Elections Professor Reeves...

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Professor Reeves Elections 1 Announcements Thursday: last day to drop with a ‘W’. Dukakis: Next Thursday. Read What it Takes. Write a question; turn it in at beginning of section on Friday (for pop quiz grade). Questions about exam: see TF / me. 2 Lecture Outline How does government regulate the electoral process? How do voters decide? The 2004 and 2006 elections. Campaign ±nance. Do elections matter? 3 Elections adverse selection problem. problem of incomplete information choosing alternatives without fully knowing the details of available options. 4
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Thomas Eagleton 5 Joe Biden 6 Elections moral hazard. We don’t know all aspects of the actions taken by an agent nominally on behalf of the principal but potentially at the principal’s expense. 7 Government Regulation of Elections Electoral composition. Translating voters’ choices into electoral outcomes. Insulating decision-making processes. Direct democracy: The referendum and the recall. 8
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Government Regulation: Electoral Composition Electoral composition. Who can vote? property qualifcations. by class, education, wealth. poll taxes, literacy tests. poll locations, hours. disenFranchisement oF ex-Felons. 9 Government Regulation: Electoral Composition Electoral composition: Registration. appropriate denominator? voting age population. includes Felons; non registrants. excludes overseas voters. voting eligible population. 10 11 12
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13 Government Regulation: Electoral Composition Personal registration: most states implement between 1890 and 1910. lose a day of work. well-before election. re-registration. Systematic exclusion of particular groups? 14 15 Voter Registration 16
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17 18 19 Government Regulation: Electoral Composition Weak party system. Nineteenth century, party machines turned out voters. especially urban and poor. 20
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Government Regulation: Votes into Outcomes Translating voters’ choices in electoral outcomes. Criteria for winning. Electoral districts. 21 Government Regulation: Votes into Outcomes Criteria to win? 50% + 1. (majority) The most votes. (plurality) Frst-past-the-post. (winner gets all) multi-member districts. (top x vote getters) 22 Government Regulation: Votes into Outcomes Criteria to win? (continued) 30% of votes yields 30% of seats. (proportional system (PR)). 23 Government Regulation: Votes into Outcomes PR tends to favor minority parties. Communists elected to school board in 1930s in NYC. system changed in 1940s. 24
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Government Regulation: Votes into Outcomes majority system. system in which, to win a seat, a
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This note was uploaded on 01/28/2010 for the course PO PO211 taught by Professor Reeves during the Fall '09 term at BU.

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Elections - Announcements Elections Professor Reeves...

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