Judiciary

Judiciary - Announcements The Courts Professor Reeves...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Courts Professor Reeves 1 Announcements Midterms back by next Friday (essays take time to grade!): November 8. Last day to drop with a ‘W’: November 12. 2 Lecture Outline The Judicial Process. The Organization of the Court System. Courts as Political Institutions. The Power of Judicial Review. The Supreme Court in Action. Judicial Decision Making. Judicial Power and Politics. 3 The Judicial Process Two broad categories of laws. Criminal law. Civil law. 4
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Judicial Process criminal law. disputes involving criminal penalties (as opposed to civil law). regulates the conduct of individuals. deFnes crimes, and provides punishment. 5 The Judicial Process criminal law. government is always the plaintiff. defendant committed a criminal violation. state: trafFc offense, robbery, murder, etc. federal: tax evasion, mail fraud, drug sales. Fned or sent to prison. 6 The Judicial Process plaintiff: brings a complaint in court. defendant: charged with a complaint in court. 7 The Judicial Process civil law. disputes between individuals; or individuals and govt; no criminal offense. cannot be Fned or sent to prison. may be required to pay damages. include contracts and torts. 8
Background image of page 2
The Judicial Process civil law. A system of jurisprudence, including private law and governmental actions, for settling disputes that do not involve criminal penalties. 9 The Judicial Process deciding cases. precedents. (prior decisions). stare decisis . (“let the decision stand”). 10 The Judicial Process precedents. prior cases principles used by judges as the bases for decisions. 11 The Judicial Process stare decisis. “let the decision stand.” previous decision by a court applies as a precedent in similar cases until that decision is overruled. 12
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
13 The Judicial Process public law. plaintiff or defendant in criminal or civil case shows issues involves powers of government or rights of citizens under Constitution. Constitutional law. 14 The Judicial Process public law: cases involving the action of public agencies or ofFcials. 15 The Organization of the Court System Types of Courts. ±ederal Jurisdiction. ±ederal Trial Courts. ±ederal Appellate Courts. The Supreme Court. How Judges Are Appointed. 16
Background image of page 4
Organization of Courts: Types trial: Frst; hears criminal or civil case. court of appeals: hears the appeals of trial- court decisions. supreme court: highest court in the U.S.; primarily serves an appellate function. 17 18 Organization of Courts: ±ederal Jurisdiction involve federal laws. treaties with other nations.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/28/2010 for the course PO PO211 taught by Professor Reeves during the Fall '09 term at BU.

Page1 / 25

Judiciary - Announcements The Courts Professor Reeves...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online