Political Parties

Political Parties - Political Parties Professor Reeves 1...

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Unformatted text preview: Political Parties Professor Reeves 1 Announcement Dukakis on Thursday. 2 Let me...warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the spirit of party, generally. This spirit...exists under different shapes in all governments, more or less stiFed, controlled, or repressed; but in those of the popular form it is seen in its greatest rankness and is truly their worst enemy. 3 Political Parties Two-party system. Concept of parties not always popular. Alien and Sedition Act of 1787 made it a crime to defame Congress or the President. What are the roles of parties in politics? 4 Lecture Outline Why do political parties form? What functions do parties perform? Parties and electorate. Party systems. The role of parties today. 5 Why Do Political Parties Form? Political parties as interest groups competing for power in government. interest groups > benet seekers. parties > ofce seekers. Why do they form? 6 Why Do Political Parties Form? To facilitate collective action in the electoral process. To resolve collective choice in the policy- making process. To deal with the problems of ambition. 7 Why Do Political Parties Form? To facilitate collective action in the electoral process. structure of party = elections. parties are brand names. parties organize resources. 8 Why Do Political Parties Form? Duverger: Parties are always more developed on the Left than on the Right because they are always more necessary on the Left than on the Right. 9 Why Do Political Parties Form? To facilitate collective action in the electoral process, cont. Parties in US weak compared to Europe. no criteria for membership. no cards to carry, dues to pay, obligatory activities. Since 1990s, seemed to get stronger. 10 11 Why Do Political Parties Form? To resolve collective choice in the policy- making process. Party is a reason to cooperate in legislature. Pre-formed alliance. 12 Why Do Political Parties Form? To deal with the problem of ambition. Individual ambition undermines cooperation. Parties: regulate career advancement. 13 Waxman dethrones Dingell as chairman Energy and Commerce Chairman. Waxman (D-CA), Dingell (D-MI). Dingell 28 years as ranking member / chair; 55 years in Congress. Vote of members 137-122. 14 What Functions Do Parties Perform? Recruiting candidates. Nominating candidates. Getting out the vote. Facilitating mass electoral choice. Inuencing national government. 15 What Functions Do Parties Perform? Recruiting candidates. Lots of races to nd candidates for....
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Political Parties - Political Parties Professor Reeves 1...

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