Han politics09 - Han Dynasty Politics Qin Empire did not...

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Han Dynasty Politics
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Qin Empire did not survive the emperor. First Emperor obsessed with search for immortality. Died while on his fifth tour. 210 BCE. Li Si and evil eunuch Zhao Gao kept death secret; forged an order for heir apparent to commit suicide (along with general who built wall) and installed weak Second Emperor.
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Zhao Gao, Chief Eunuch, dominated weak second emperor of Qin. Zhao imprisoned, tortured, killed Li Si. Zhao poisoned 2nd Emperor, enthroned son of previous crown prince as 3 rd Emperor. 3 rd Emperor had Zhao Gao put to death. 3 rd emperor put to death by Prince of Chu, Xiang Yu. AN imperial seal
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Ordinary farmer started the war that brought a new dynasty. Named Chen She. Head of group of conscripted soldiers ordered on a march. Started to rain; won’t get there in time. Friend got commander drunk; got sword. Risk death for fame!
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What NOW? Go back to many states? Qin beat everyone up but failed; will a different king beat everyone up? Chu? OR, something new?
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Real fight between Xiang Yu and Liu Bang; king’s advocate vs. peasant Xiang Yu was a very strong southern aristocrat. From Chu. When his army won, he enthroned heir to Chu; invited back heads of other kingdoms. Liu Bang from a village; prince of Han in Xiang's coalition.
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Xiang Yu is known as a ruthless general. Xiang Yu executed the 3 rd emperor, who had surrendered. Massacred the people, and burned the palaces and courts of the Qin regime. Made his rival, Liu Bang, look good. Horse training terrace of Xiang Yu
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Xiang Yu also respected for committing suicide Committed suicide rather than surrender. Hero in opera. Portrayed in “Farewell my Concubine”
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A peasant for emperor! Xiang infuriated Liu Bang by devastating surrendered capital. Liu Bang treated own troops fairly, defeated troops magnanimously. Xiang committed suicide 202 B.C. Liu became first emperor of Han, Han Gaozu.
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Liu Bang’s Three Article Law Code He who kills anyone shall suffer death. He who wounds another or steals shall be punished according to the gravity of the offense. For the rest I abolish all the laws of Qin.
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Peasant emperor skeptical of scholars. Liu Bang expressed his discontent with scholars by urinating into the hat of a court scholar. However, he later came to see the benefit in the use of scholars and he made peace with them.
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Qin had negative legacy. Down with Legalism, up with Confucianism-- reverence for Classic of Poetry, Classic of History--very books Qin criminalized. Discrediting of rule by law, emphasis on rule by example. Cruel public works
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Han Dynasty lasted for over 400 years, Approximately coincided with Roman control in the Mediterranean World.
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