HanCulture09 - Han Society and Empire AND Wang Mang...

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Han Society and Empire AND Wang Mang
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Extra-credit opportunity “LGBTIQ Movement in Indonesia” By Dr. Dédé Oetomo, Surabaya University, Indonesia Monday, September 28, 2009 4:00-5:30 Dean’s Auditorium, Room 241, Pfendler Hall
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Let us end Western Han Western Han ended when Wang Mang set up a NEW (Xin) Dynasty in 9 CE. Had access to power because some of his female relatives had been empresses. Wang Mang served as regent for children.
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Wang Mang was not your usual villainous usurper. Not an evil favorite or uncouth general--in fact, had no army. Much admired paragon of filial piety and Confucian scholarship. So many omens that he just couldn't help himself from becoming emperor. Also, petitions from commoners. Had abdication ceremony, with handing over of imperial seal. Jeweled one given to Qin ruler before emperor.
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Wang Mang tried to restore things to Zhou Dynasty Used ancient terms, mostly to get land back onto tax rolls. Wanted well-field back. “Anyone who shall dare to criticize the well- field system of the sages, or seek in defiance of the law to delude the populace shall be cast out beyond the four borders to face demons and evil spirits.” Abolished slavery Encouraged monopolies: wine, salt, iron tools.
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Wang Mang faced worse than usual problems Concentrated huge army on frontier against Xiongnu. Yellow River switched course. From north of Shandong to south. In A.D. 11.
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Red Eyebrows by 18, Copper Horses and other rebels rose up. Red Eyebrows were secret society members; painted eyebrows for identification, solidarity. Had Han color of red, working for restoration. Army sent against Xiongnu, when it got no reinforcements, started raiding. Commoners. Bronze belt buckle; sheep and cow.
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Tomb of Han Wudi Raided by Red Eyebrows Red Eyebrows defeated by general who had HIS troops paint their eyebrows red—confused the rebels.
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Death of Wang Mang Wang Mang, having faith in his sanctity, did not flee. Sat in his robes in the throne room and recited the ancient writings, convinced that he would overcome his adversaries. He was killed in the capital. Troops cut his body to pieces and ate it; his head was put on display in the marketplace. (22 A.D.) His skull was kept in the imperial treasury for 200 years.
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Eastern or Later Han Dynasty Civil war ended 25 A.D., victory by branch of Liu family Moved capital from Changan to Luoyang. In early years, reasserted Chinese control over Central Asia and Vietnam. One expedition went all the way to the Caspian Sea. Liu Guang Wu, first emperor of Later Han
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Imagination of Luoyang
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Chinese colonies in Korea.
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2010 for the course MGMT 201 taught by Professor Rowe during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University.

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HanCulture09 - Han Society and Empire AND Wang Mang...

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