19. REASONINGNewton’s law of universal gravitation indicates that the gravitational force that each uniform sphere exerts on the other has a magnitude that is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between the centers of the spheres. Therefore, the maximum gravitational force between two uniform spheres occurs when the centers of the spheres are as close together as possible, and this occurs when the surfaces of the spheres are touching. Then, the distance between the
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