European Midterm Terms

European Midterm Terms - Alexandria founded in 334 BC...

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Alexandria – founded in 334 BC Arianism – 4 th Century Heresies- offset from main religion Arias- said Jesus was human and not truly a god A Christian heresy that taught that Jesus was (human) inferior to God. Though condemned by the council of Nicaea in 325, it was adopted by many of the Germanic peoples who entered the Roman Empire over the next centuries. Assarting- around year 1000 - clearing away forests to make room for farms; also, draining of swamps - between year 700-1200 England went through a warming period; population increase, increase in farming, deforestation to make room Carolingian renaissance - palace schools, revival of education, looked to England for inspiration, sent Charlemagne’s coronation – year 800, Christmas Day - Charlemagne is crowned as emperor of Rome “Holy Roman Emperor” and given the title of Augustus - Beginning of Holy Roman Empire - Bullshit from essay Cluny – 910-1100 reform movement - Duke Augatine wanted to bring spirituality back to the monks, pull lords away from monasteries, monks wrote books instead of manual labor and were more educated Constantine – 306-337 - continued the Diocletian System - founds Constantinople in 330 - first Christian Emperor - (313) Edict of Milan – Christianity was accepted in the empire Diocletian’s System - Diocletian (284-305) - New economic and administrative structure - Needed because of the overwhelming size of the empire - Divided Roman Empire into four regions, each ruled by a “Caesar” or “Augustus”. However, Diocletian will retain supreme power - Constantine will continue this order English Parliament – 13 th century - King John (King Henry’s son) – 1215 – Magna Carta – strengthened the idea that the monarch’s power was limited, not absolute
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- English Parliament – King Edward I (1272-1307) – originally applied to meetings of King’s Great Council to consent on new taxes; Eventually barons and church lords formed the House of Lords and the knights and burgesses the House of Commons - Development of representative government Franks – came to power around the 8 th Century Gnosticism – 4 th Century - believed Christ was a ghost - natural = evil - supernatural = good Gracchi Brothers - 133 BC - Tiberius Gracchus –believed the underlying cause of Roman’s problems was the decline of the small farmer o Bypassed the senate and proposed a land reform bill that authorized the government to distribute the land of large landowners to landless Romans. Members of the Senate (large landowners) assassinated
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European Midterm Terms - Alexandria founded in 334 BC...

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