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Radiological Emergency Management Independent Study Course 2-2 PACKAGING As we have mentioned, there have been no known serious radiation exposures resulting from transportation accidents in the United States despite the millions of shipments made each year. This excellent safety record is due to the close attention given by the shippers to the proper packaging of radioactive materials. Radioactive Material Package The types of radioactive material packages addressed in this section, listed in order of increasing potential hazard and therefore, of increasing package integrity, are as follows: O Industrial packaging. O Type A packaging. O Type B packaging. Industrial Packaging Industrial packaging is used for shipping low, specific activity, materials and surface contaminated objects. Low specific activity (LSA) materials are generally materials in which radioactivity is essentially uniformly
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Unformatted text preview: distributed in a large amount of nonradioactive material. Surface Contaminated Objects (SCO) are nonradioactive items with surfaces slightly contaminated with radioactive materials. LSA materials include uranium ore concentrate, low-level waste from hospitals, laboratories and power plants such as contaminated protective clothing and trash and building rubble from cleanup projects. SCO include pieces of equipment used in nuclear power plants that are very slightly contaminated on the surface. When LSA and SCO materials are transported with other commodities by common carrier, they must be marked, labeled, and contained in industrial packages that meet basic and industrial packaging requirements (as described above). Industrial packaging will be designated as either IP-1, IP-2, or IP-3...
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This note was uploaded on 01/29/2010 for the course MPA mpa500 taught by Professor Scotts during the Spring '10 term at Acton School of Business.

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