building_words

building_words - Building Words Coinage INDV 101 Winter...

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Building Words: Coinage INDV 101 Winter 09-10 Slides adapted from Dr. Amy Fountain
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‘Coinage’ = Word Invention ‘D’oh!’, and ‘meh’ Mrs. Krabappel: I never heard the word embiggen until I moved to Springfield. Ms. Hoover: I don't know why. It's a perfectly cromulent word. […] Principal Skinner: He's embiggened that role with his cromulent performance.' (and many more – making their way into Websters’ and the OED)
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Weird Coinage Fact Almost all coinages are content words – crosslinguistically. It’s really easy to invent new content words. But really hard to invent new function words. Candidates for a gender- neutral 3 rd person animate singular pronoun for English… hir, yo…?
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Coinage Types Pure neologism: ‘cromulent’ Clipping: ‘photo’[graph] Blending: ‘tomacco’ (tomato+tobacco) Compounding: ‘cheese- eating-surrender- monkey’
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Coinage Types Back-formation: ‘conversate’ (from ‘conversation’) ‘burgle’ (from ‘burglar’) Generification: ‘kleenex’, ‘xerox’ Reduplication: ‘fuzzy- wuzzy’, ‘bling-bling’ Smithers, is this some sort of hi-jink?
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Coinage Types Acronym/Initialism: ‘ATM’ (automatic teller machine’), ‘scuba’ (self-contained underwater breathing apparatus Borrowing: ‘chutspa’, ‘détente’, ‘arroyo’… (English speakers seem to *love* borrowing, acronyms, blending, generification…we get lots of new words that way!)
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Different Languages, Same Strategies? Not necessarily… Some communities are very resistant to borrowing words from other languages (due to ‘language purity’ concerns) If you can’t write, there’ll be no initialisms or acronyms! ‘Generifcation’ kind of presumes a commercial economy…
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‘Derivation’ But, all languages allow pure coinage, compounding, and reduplication. And there’s one other word-formation strategy to consider… Derivation!
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English Word Building: Inflection and Derivation
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The formation of a new word from existing word ‘parts’. We’ll call those parts
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2010 for the course INDV 101 taught by Professor Walker during the Winter '07 term at Arizona.

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building_words - Building Words Coinage INDV 101 Winter...

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