writing&IPA - Writing Systems and IPA INDV101...

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Writing Systems and IPA INDV101 – Language Winter, 09-10 Slides adapted from Dr. Amy Fountain
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Languages of the World 33% 67% writing system no writing system
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Talking vs. Writing (Zepeda 1995:5-6)
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Talking vs. Writing Cochiti (Keres), a traditionally unwritten language spoken in New Mexico. Community views on writing vary, but some reasons to avoid it include: “The language shouldn’t be written because we do not need it to be written.” “The language can't be written due to its complexity.” “The language is something that is uniquely Cochiti’s, and if it were written, then anyone could have access to exploit it if they wanted to, by any modern means.” (Romero, 2008 – cf. http://www.ling.hawaii.edu/~uhdoc/keres/keres.html)
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Don’t you need literacy? Many communities have thrived without it. Oral traditions convey information from person to person/generation to generation. Cultural knowledge is not limited, necessarily, just because there’s no writing. But we are all enmeshed in a culture of literacy…
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How do you write a language? Writing is just a way of transcribing – or taking notes on – a phenomenon that’s otherwise ephemeral. For spoken languages, there are three primary strategies that are used. (though no system is 100% ‘pure’)
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Writing a Spoken Language Strategy 1: Come up with graphemes (symbols) that refer to a word’s meaning . Such systems are called ‘logographic’. Lots of graphemes are needed… But you can use the same writing system for languages with very different phonologies, like different dialects of Chinese…
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Logographic Writing Systems Ancient Egyptian Mayan Chinese
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Writing a Spoken Language Strategy 2: Come up with a grapheme for each syllable . Such systems are called
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2010 for the course INDV 101 taught by Professor Walker during the Winter '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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writing&IPA - Writing Systems and IPA INDV101...

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