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Texas Pol History - 1519-21 Hernan Cortes defeats Aztecs in...

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1519-21 Hernan Cortes defeats Aztecs in central valley of Mexico 1519 Pineda sails along Texas coast and maps it 1528-36 Cabeza de Vaca first European to travel through Texas 1539-42 Coronado and de Soto expeditions explore area from Florida to Arizona. 1550-85 Silver strikes in Zacatecas, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosi
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1588 Defeat of Spanish Armada by England. Britain and France rival Spain in North America beginning in 17th century. 1598 occupation of New Mexico complete under direction of Juan de Onate. 1609 Santa Fe founded. 1629 New Mexican missionaries seek to Christianize Jumano Indians from the Trans-Pecos.
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1650 1st military expedition into West TX ordered by governor of New Mexico 1682 1st permanent settlement in TX est. in El Paso area. French explorer La Salle descends Miss River from Canada & names the country Louisiana 1685 La Salle lands at Matagorda Bay 1690 First Spanish mission in East Texas, San Francisco de los Tejas
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1691 Texas organized as a province of New Spain 1693 Spanish abandon East Texas, retreat to Monclova. TX unoccupied for next 23 years 1699 End of Hapsburg dynasty linking Spain and Austria. Replaced by Bourbon dynasty linking Spain and France French establish fort near mouth of Mississippi R at Biloxi Bay. In 1702 another fort on Mobile Bay. LA becomes French royal province in 1732. 1700-03 4 missions founded along Rio Grande (San Juan Bautista—35 miles south of Eagle Pass, 1700, Gateway to Spanish Texas)
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1709 expedition from SJB enters TX and proceeds as far as Colorado R. learns that Tejas Indians still ill disposed towards Spaniards. 1713-1714 Fr. Francisco Hidalgo (mission SJB) sends letter to governor of LA (Sieur de Cadillac) asking French help in missionary work with Indians of East Texas. 1716-17 2nd occupation of East TX--Spanish establish six missions in East Texas between Trinity R and Red R in LA 1718 San Antonio founded as way station between San Juan Bautista and East Texas.
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1719 Chicken War. French corporal with 6 soldiers capture Adaes mission. 1720 Apaches make first raid on San Antonio. 1721 3rd Occupation of E. TX. Los Adaes new capital of Province of Texas. 1722 Aguayo establishes La Bahia on site of Fort St. Louis Aguayo anchors TX for 1st time at 3 points--Los Adaes, La Bahia, and San Antonio. High point of Spanish Texas
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1727 Inspection of TX by Gen. Pedro de Rivera & Fr. Miguel Sevillano. 1720s, 1760s two official inspections of northern frontier. 1728 After inspection tour by Gen. Pedro de Rivera, slow deterioration of Spanish East TX until pullout in 1772. 1731 Villa San Fernando de Bexar established with arrival of Canary Islanders in San Antonio.
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