Ch. 11 - The Study of Gender

Ch. 11 - The Study of Gender - ANTH101 Week89...

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ANTH101  Week 8-9 The Anthropological Study of Gender  October 15-20, 2009 I. Anthropology and Gender a. All forms of society have some sort of a gender concept and gender  distinction b. Identity – Gender is a social reflection of oneself c. Differences in gender roles cannot be based on biology i. Not biological determinism ii. Conception of gender is influence by sex but not entirely iii. Mass variation in terms of gender roles and gender concepts d. Elizabeth Warnock Fernea: Guests of the Sheik i. Androcentric bias II. Cultural Construction of Gender a. Sex vs. Gender: Gender is a cultural construction, Sex is biological i. Sex: biological differences between male and female ii. Gender: not universal, culturally determined 1. 2, 3, 4 genders depending on the culture or society b. Also refers to what it means to be a man, or a woman, etc. c. Changes over time, ex: US over the last 50 years d. Gender identity is formed and influence by parents, peers, media e. Case Study: Hau of Papua, New Guinea i. Gender identity was based on a physical substance called  nu ii. Females have an excess of  nu  – they grow faster, age slower, and  are unattractively “moist” iii. Men contain a smaller amount of  nu  – have difficulty with growth  and maintenance of vitality later in life, but are attractively “dry” iv. Nu  is passed through bodily fluid, can be beneficial or dangerous  depending on the relationship between the two people v. Figapa    uninitiated person, their bodies contain substances  considered to be feminine vi. Kakora    Initiated person, eligible to live in the men’s houses and to  obtain the secret “male” knowledge gained in initiation ceremonies vii. Gender can change over time by changing amount of  nu ** - Possibly on Exam
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III. Multiple Gender Identities a. Different from gender crossing b. Institutionalized gender identities c. Example: “Berdache” in North America i. Reference to the third and fourth gender categories in North  American Indian cultures d. Characteristics – take on some tasks of the opposite sex but not all of 
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This note was uploaded on 01/30/2010 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Stiles during the Fall '09 term at Nevada.

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Ch. 11 - The Study of Gender - ANTH101 Week89...

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