Ind Rev Sept 3

Ind Rev Sept 3 - 1 Class Notes PPD 245 Sept 3 M Roth...

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Class Notes PPD 245 Sept 3 M. Roth Readings Winthrop: What is the contradiction in this passage? Gordon and Malone: Key point: relative advantages of RRs vs canals all-year operation not bound as tightly by existing topography Why was it better to build a factory in a city? What were the particular advantages?: Gordon and Malone: “Eliminate the need for direct company expenditures on housing, stores, parks, churches, meeting halls, recreational facilities, domestic water supply and waste disposal.” Where did those things come from? A mix of private enterprise and public expenditure that was characteristic of US urban development, a blending of private interest and public priority. Quick chronology of US history after the Revolution 1. early national – canals, first stirrings of manufactures including the first large enterprises in textiles, some liberalization of politics (who could vote), removal of laws favoring particular religious practices 2. Jacksonian: Jackson president 1829-37 but era lasted until early 1850s when slavery dominated politics, culminating in the civil war elevation of “common man” market revolution – inter-regional trade, RR’s, growth of iron industry 3. Civil War era – arguments in 1850s, Lincoln elected 1860, confederacy forms and secedes 1861 – war til 1865 4. Reconstruction – 1865 – 1876 – south reasserted politicall power over local affairs, instituted Jim Crow laws and customs 1
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5. Gilded Age – consolidation of industrial capitalism, growth of large industries 6. Progressive Period – 1890 – 1920 7. Roaring Twenties – mass media 8. Depression 9. WW II 10. cold war – 1945-1991 Industrial Revolution Beginnings- rural for waterpower – established a decentralized pattern of industrialization Consolidation in cities occurred very quickly with railroad tranportation and steam engines for power. But even then, factories strung out along rail corridors, generally apart from the commercial and institutional centers of cities. SLIDE OF DETROIT RAIL – East Jefferson Today, we talk about sprawl as if it were solely a phenomenon of the automobile and the growth of suburbs in the post-World War II period. Certainly the pace and extent of decentralization have increased in the postwar period, but we should still be aware of decentralizing tendencies in earlier periods of American history. The patterns of the 20 th century, in part, fulfilled trends that had been evident earlier, if we know where to look. And where we should look is at the origins of capitalist industrialism, in the early national period, when George Washington was still president, in 1793, and the first factory in America was built. SLIDE SLATER MILL The factory was a distinctive, new type of building, the first type of new building of the modern industrial age. Characterized by its size and its structural systems adequate to support many people as well as machinery. The building itself was part of the power system in the early industrial age, the framework for shafts, pulleys and belts that
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Ind Rev Sept 3 - 1 Class Notes PPD 245 Sept 3 M Roth...

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