Race and Cities in US Sept 15 Class Notes

Race and Cities in US Sept 15 Class Notes - September 15...

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September 15 Class Notes and Lecture PPD 245 M Roth Review Urbanization is not mere population growth but a process of transformation based on the movement of goods, rise of trade, industrialization, migration. Its most direct embodiments are factories and workingclass neighborhoods/communities. Childe has been criticized for his economic determinism, but it is still a good way to understand places, esp. cities: If you want to understand a place, a good start is to find out what the people there do for a living. Race in Urban America “There are of course no unambiguous genetic markers that could distinguish between “whites and blacks” in populations that have co-existed for centuries, divided for a long tie by formal legal status but not by human genetic exchanges. . . . It is thus patently true that race is socially constructed and its boundaries fluid in almost every case – except for the ambiguously located “color line” in America between blacks and everyone else, which has proven only slightly permeable. . . . The only reasonable explanation lies in the stigma of slavery, the belated lifting of legalized caste-like apartheid, and its residual persistence in de facto residential, job and institutional segregation.” Janet L. Abu-Lughod, Race, Space and Riots in Chicago, New York and Los Angeles , 2007 Until the Civil War and emancipation, the urban population of African Americans was limited. Enclaves existed in NY, Philadelphia and other northern cities, and there were slaves and free blacks in the cities of the
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south, but the great majority of African Americans were involuntary agricultural workers – slaves on plantations and farms. There were certainly no large or centralized ghettos. Ghetto – another term I want to put quotation marks around. First, it is used as a stigma, as something bad. Second, in most places described in that way, there has usually been some diversity of population, especially in LA. After the Civil War – sudden, extensive reordering of racial geography of the south. People who had been prohibited from moving took advantage of the change. Origins of southern urban African American populations. Blacks in southern cities:
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Race and Cities in US Sept 15 Class Notes - September 15...

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