anthnotesapr13

anthnotesapr13 - Civil war between elitists, army exists to...

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Civil war between elitists, army exists to protect elite from rebels “Indians” not considered Guatemalan nationalism subverted state uses armed forces, police to preserve order preserve status quo instituted violence used to repress people gov’t exists to support elite any opposition had to be oppressed 1944-1954 “ten years of spring” president: Jacobo Arbenz Land reform CIA coup 1959 Cuban revolution November 1960: civil war (Junta) Ex-military fighting highlands, regarded as guerillas Guatemalan forces backed by US $$, training, political support portrayed in media as people fighting military nov 1960 – civil war starts – longest and bloodiest counterinsurgency methods (= plausible deniability) death squads and paramilitary groups Forced recruiting of Mayan soldiers “disappearing” of victims attacked leftists, students, union leaders, guerrillas guerrillas: threat to national security Mayans: supporting guerrillas
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anthnotesapr13 - Civil war between elitists, army exists to...

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