CHAPTER 3 - Chapter 3 CHAPTER 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs...

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Chapter 3 CHAPTER 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, students should be able to: 1. Define the term drug from the sociological perspective. 2. Describe the extent of drug use around the world, the most common drugs used worldwide, and variations in drug use among countries and over time. 3. Explain the government treatment of drug use as health issues in countries such as The Netherlands and Britain in contrast to punitive policies in other countries. 4. Describe the prevalence of illicit drug use in the United States and historical changes in cultural definitions and legal availability of drugs in the U.S. 5. Explain the concepts of psychoactive drugs, drug abuse, drug addiction or chemical dependency, and the difference between psychological and physical dependency. 6. Explain how the structural-functionalist concept of anomie contributes to the understanding of drug use. 7. Explain the influence of power differentials and inequality on drug use and the criminalization of drugs, according to the conflict perspective. 8. Use the symbolic interaction perspective to understand how social interaction and symbolic meanings contribute to drug use and to public acceptance of ameliorative programs. 9. Explain biological theories of drug use and abuse. 10. Explain psychological theories of how personality types and behavioral reinforcement influences drug use. 11. Compare the legal status, extent of usage, demographic characteristics of users, and the negative effects of the following drugs: alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, cocaine and crack, methamphetamine, club drugs, heroin, psychotherapeutic drugs, and inhalants. 12. Describe how drug misuse contributes to family problems, crime, economic costs, and health problems. 13. Explain the two major types of drug prevention techniques. 87
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Chapter 3 14. Contrast drug treatment alternatives, including inpatient versus outpatient treatment and the peer support 12-step programs versus therapeutic communities. 15. Explain and critique the government policies of harm reduction versus zero tolerance to regulate drug use. 16. Explain the two-pronged U.S. policy of demand reduction and supply reduction to fight drugs and problems related to each. 17. Present arguments for and against the deregulation, legalization, and decriminalization of various drugs. 18. Describe collective action initiatives in the United States to reduce the problems of drug misuse, including MADD, class-action law suits, and state legislation and referendums. KEY TERMS anomie binge drinking chemical dependency club drugs crack date-rape drugs decriminalization demand reduction deregulation drug drug abuse fetal alcohol syndrome gateway drug harm reduction legalization MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving) supply reduction therapeutic communities 87
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CHAPTER 3 OUTLINE I. THE GLOBAL CONTEXT: DRUG USE AND ABUSE A. Definitions of a “drug”: 1. Pharmacologically, a drug is any substance other than food that alters the structure or
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CHAPTER 3 - Chapter 3 CHAPTER 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs...

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