CHAPTER 4 new

CHAPTER 4 new - CHAPTER 4 Crime and Social Control I. THE...

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CHAPTER 4 Crime and Social Control I. THE GLOBAL CONTEXT: INTERNATIONAL CRIME AND VIOLENCE A. Similarities in crime throughout the world 1. Crime is ubiquitous (there is no country without crime). 2. Most countries have police, courts, and prisons. 3. Adult males comprise the largest category of crime suspects. 4. Theft is most common crime worldwide. 5. Violence crime is relatively rare. B. Differences in international crime rates 1. Dramatic differences exist in international crime rates, although comparisons are made difficult by variations in measurement and crime definitions. 2. A global crime database from data from the United Nations and Interpol reveals differences between the United States and other countries. a. First, the United States does not have the highest crime rate in the world. (1) The U.S. ranks twelfth among 165 nations with Sweden, Denmark, Australia, and Great Britain, in rank order, each having a higher crime rate than the United States. (2) The differences are considerable. For example, although the U.S. crime rate is 4,160 reported crimes per 100,000 population, Sweden’s crime rate, which is the highest in the world, is 9,604 reported crimes per 100,000 population. b. Violent crime: the United States once again is not in the top ten. (1) With a violent crime rate of 504 reported crimes per 100,000 population, the U.S. ranks nineteenth in violent crime. (2) Several developing countries (e.g. Namibia, Swaziland) as well as developed countries (e.g. Australia, Sweden) have higher violent crime rates than the United States. c. Property crimes share a similar pattern. (1) The United State ranks thirteenth in property crimes (car theft, burglary, larceny). (2) Sweden, Denmark, Australia and Great Britain top the list. C. Global priority areas 1. Interpol has identified five global priority areas: drugs and criminal organizations (e.g. drug trafficking); financial and high tech crimes (e.g. counterfeiting, fraud, and cyber-crime); tracing fugitives; countering terrorism; and trafficking in human beings. 2. Each of these priority areas contains a relatively new category of crimes— transnational crime. D. Transnational Crime 1. Defined as “organized criminal activity across one or more national borders.” 2. The significance of transnational crime should not be minimized. a. Transnational crime will be a defining issue of the 21st century for policymakers - as defining as the Cold War was for the 20th century and colonialism was for the 19th. b. Terrorists and transnational crime groups will proliferate because these crime groups are major beneficiaries of globalization. c. They take advantage of increased travel, trade, rapid money movements, telecommunications and computer links, and are well positioned for growth.
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3. Examples of transnational crimes a. Child Pornography (1) The Internet has led to an explosive growth in child pornography. (2) In 2007, the Austrian authorities reported uncovering an international
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CHAPTER 4 new - CHAPTER 4 Crime and Social Control I. THE...

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