chapter3 - Chapter 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs Chapter...

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Chapter 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs
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Chapter Outline The Global Context: Drug Use and Abuse Sociological Theories of Drug Use and Abuse Frequently Used Legal and Illegal Drugs Societal Consequences of Drug Use and Abuse Treatment Alternatives Strategies for Action: America Responds Understanding Alcohol and Other Drugs
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What is a Drug? The term drug refers to any chemical substance that: has a direct effect on the user’s physical, psychological, and/or intellectual functioning has the potential to be abused has adverse consequences for the individual and/or society.
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Drug Use and Abuse Around the World Globally, 5% of the world’s population between the ages of 15 and 64—200 million people—reported using at least one illicit drug in the previous year. The lifetime prevalence of illicit drug use varies from 46% of adults in the United States, to 36% in England, 26% in Italy, 18% in Poland, and 9% in Sweden.
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The Netherlands U.S. citizens visiting the Netherlands may be shocked or surprised to find people smoking marijuana and hashish openly in public. Pictured here is a tourist using a water pipe to smoke marijuana in a coffee shop.
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What Do You Think? A recent British report recommended that heroin addicts taking methadone, a synthetic drug used in the treatment of opiate addiction, be given “shopping vouchers and other rewards as incentives to stay clean”. Would you recommend that vouchers be used in the United States? What other types of incentives would you recommend?
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% Reporting Drug Use, 2005 Drug Lifetime Past Year Past Month Marijuana and Hashish 40.1 10.4 6.0 Cocaine 13.8 2.3 1.0 Crack 3.3 .6 .3 Heroin 1.5 .2 .1
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% Reporting Drug Use, 2005 Drug Lifetime Past Year Past Month LSD 9.2 .2 0 PCP 2.7 0.1 0.0 Ecstasy 4.7 .8 .2 Inhalants 9.4 .9 .3
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% Reporting Drug Use, 2005 Drug Lifetime Past Year Past Month Pain Relievers 13.4 4.9 1.9 Tranquilizers 8.7 2.2 .7 Methamphetamine 4.3 .5 .2 Sedatives 3.7 .3 .1 Cigarettes 66.6 29.1 24.9 Alcohol 83.1 65.0 51.8
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Drug Abuse Occurs when acceptable social standards of drug use are violated, resulting in adverse physiological, psychological, and/or social consequences. Chemical dependency - Drug use is compulsive; users are unable to stop.
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Question Did you ever use marijuana during your senior year in high school? A. Yes B. No
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Anti-Drug This poster from the Office of National Drug Control Policy’s National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign emphasizes the importance of a close relationship between parent and child in the fight against drug use by youths.
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Perspective Drug abuse is a response to weakening of societal norms (anomie).
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chapter3 - Chapter 3 Alcohol and Other Drugs Chapter...

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