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chapter7 - Chapter 7 Work and Unemployment Chapter Outline...

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Chapter 7 Work and Unemployment
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Chapter Outline The Global Context: the Economy in the 21st Century Sociological Theories of Work and the Economy Problems of Work and Unemployment Strategies for Action: Responses to Workers' Concerns Understanding Work and Unemployment
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Unemployment Unemployment can lead some people to desperation. Timothy Bowers committed a bank robbery because he couldn’t find a job and wanted to be in prison until he was old enough to collect Social Security.
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Economic Institution The structure and means by which a society produces, distributes, and consumes goods and services. The global economy is an interconnected network of economic activity that transcends national borders and spans the world.
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Socialism and Capitalism Socialism Economic system in which the means of producing goods and services are collectively owned. Capitalism Economic system in which private individuals or groups invest capital to produce goods and services to sell for a profit in a competitive market.
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Industrialization Industrialization altered the nature of work, Machines replaced hand tools; and steam, gasoline, and electric power replaced human or animal power. It led to the development of the assembly line and an increased division of labor as goods began to be mass produced. Instead of the family-centered economy characteristic of an agricultural society, people began to work outside the home for wages.
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Post-industrialization The shift from an industrial economy dominated by manufacturing jobs to an economy dominated by service-oriented, information intensive occupations. Characterized by a highly educated workforce, automated and computerized production methods, increased government involvement in economic issues, and a higher standard of living.
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Three Work Sectors Primary - production of raw materials and food. Secondary - production of manufactured goods from raw materials. Tertiary - professional, managerial, technical-support, and service jobs.
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Question Paper is made from wood. Which sector involves this production of manufactured goods from raw materials? A. secondary work sector B. tertiary work sector C. none of these choices D. primary work sector
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Answer: A Paper is made from wood. The secondary work sector involves this production of manufactured goods from raw materials.
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McDonaldization Sociologist Ritzer uses the term to describe how the fast food industry applies to work: 1. Efficiency . Tasks are completed efficiently. 2. Calculability . Size, cost, and time are more important than quality. 3. Predictability . Products are standardized 4. Control through technology . Automation replaces human labor.
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What Do You Think?
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