chapter10 - Chapter 10 Gender Inequality Chapter Outline...

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Chapter 10 Gender Inequality
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Chapter Outline The Global Context: The Status Of Women And Men Sociological Theories Of Gender Inequality Gender Stratification: Structural Sexism The Social Construction Of Gender Roles: Cultural Sexism
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Chapter Outline Social Problems And Traditional Gender Role Socialization Strategies For Action: Toward Gender Equality Understanding Gender Inequality
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Sexism The belief that there are innate psychological, behavioral, and/or intellectual differences between women and men and that these differences connote the superiority of one group and the inferiority of the other.
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Double or Triple Jeopardy When a person is a member of 2 or more minority groups.
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Question How comfortable are you with the gender roles our society defines as appropriate for males and females? A. Very comfortable B. Somewhat comfortable C. Unsure D. Somewhat uncomfortable E. Very uncomfortable
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Gender and Sex Gender is the social definitions and expectations associated with being female or male. Sex is one's biological identity.
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What Do You Think? Physically, men and women are different from birth. Are these physical characteristics related to behavioral differences? Are women innately nurturers? Are men innately aggressive? What do you think? Are gender roles a matter of nature or nurture?
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Question If you could temporarily be the other gender, how long would you like to do so? A. One day B. One week C. I have no desire to be the other gender
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Gender Gap Rankings: Top 10 Countries Country Rank Country Rank Sweden 1 Philippines 6 Norway 2 New Zealand 7 Finland 3 Denmark 8 Iceland 4 United Kingdom 9 Germany 5 Ireland 10 United States 23
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Gender Gap Rankings: Bottom 10 Countries Country Rank Country Rank Mauritania 106 Nepal 111 Morocco 107 Pakistan 112 Iran 108 Chad 113 Egypt 109 Saudi Arabia 114 Benin 110 Yemen 115
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Muslim Societies In traditional Muslim societies, women are forbidden to show their faces or other parts of their bodies. Some women adhere to this out of fear, others believe veiling was first imposed out of respect for women and the desire to protect them.
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Structural Functionalist Perspective Pre-industrial society required a division of labor based on gender. Women nursed and cared for children. Men were responsible for material needs. Industrialization made traditional division of labor less functional, belief system remains.
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Conflict Perspective Continued domination by males requires a belief system that supports gender inequality. Two beliefs: Women are inferior outside the home. Women are more valuable in the home.
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Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Gender and gender roles are learned through socialization process.
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