chapter14 - Chapter 14 Environmental Problems Chapter...

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Chapter 14 Environmental Problems
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Chapter Outline The Global Context: Globalization and the Environment Sociological Theories of Environmental Problems Environmental Problems: An Overview Social Causes of Environmental Problems
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Chapter Outline Strategies for Action: Responding to Environmental Problems Understanding Environmental Problems
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Japan’s “Cool Biz? Japan’s “Cool Biz” initiative encourages business men and women and government officials to wear lightweight clothing to work to lower use of air conditioning. This has reduced Japan’s emissions of greenhouse gases.
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Globalization and the Environment Three aspects of globalization that have affected the environment are 1. The permeability of international borders to pollution and environmental problems. 2. Cultural and social integration spurred by communication and information technology. 3. Growth of free trade and transnational corporations.
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Question Pollution and hazardous waste are an international environmental problem. A. Strongly agree B. Agree somewhat C. Unsure D. Disagree somewhat E. Strongly disagree
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Bioinvasions Red fire ants, known for their painful sting, are an example of bioinvasion. They came from Paraguay and Brazil on shiploads of lumber to Mobile, Alabama, in 1957 and have spread throughout the southern states.
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Structural-Functionalist Perspective Emphasizes the interdependence between human beings and the natural environment. Focuses on how changes in one aspect of the social system affect other aspects of society.
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Structural-Functionalist Perspective Raises awareness of unintended negative consequences of social actions. 840,000 dams worldwide provide water to irrigate farms and supply 17% of the world’s electricity. Negative consequences include: Emission of methane from rotting vegetation Altered river flows killing plants and animals.
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Conflict Perspective Focuses on how wealth, power, and the pursuit of profit underlie many environmental problems. The wealthiest 20% of the world’s population is responsible for 86% of private consumption. The United States is responsible for 25% of the world’s oil consumption, yet the United States produces less than 3% of the world’s oil supplies.
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Planned Obsolescence The manufacturing of products that are intended to become inoperative or outdated in a fairly short period of time.
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Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Focuses on how meanings, labels, and definitions learned through interaction and through the media affect environmental problems. Large corporations and industries commonly use marketing and public relations strategies to construct favorable meanings of their corporation or industry.
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Greenwashing Refers to the way environmentally and socially damaging companies portray their corporate image and products as being “environmentally friendly” or socially responsible.
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What Do You Think? Earth Day events have been sponsored by
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2010 for the course SO 254 taught by Professor Simmon during the Fall '09 term at Grand Rapids Community College.

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chapter14 - Chapter 14 Environmental Problems Chapter...

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