After reading Chapter 3

After reading Chapter 3 - After reading Chapter 3, the...

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After reading Chapter 3, the student should be able to answer the following questions: 1. Discuss Immanuel Kant’s explanations of how peace and cooperation are possible. 2. Explain how neoliberalism differs from earlier liberal approaches and from realism. 3. Explain the role of international regimes in International Relations. 4. Define collective security and describe attempts at achieving it. 5. Explain the relationship between democracies and war. 6. Identify the various substate actors who influence foreign policy decision-making and some of the tensions that arise within and between them. 7. Explain the concept of the military-industrial complex: what it is, who is a member, how it affects policymaking, and what the potential dangers are of its extraordinary influence. 8. Discuss the role of public opinion in foreign policy decision-making: how it affects policy, the extent to which it affects policy, the reciprocity between opinion formation and expression and between government leadership and following, and the various levels of opinion. 9. Explain the role of legislatures in decision making. 10. Distinguish between the three decision-making models – rational, organizational process, and government bargaining – typically used to analyze policy selection, and be aware of their promise and their limitations in helping to understand decisions and outcomes. 11. Distinguish among the systematic ways in which individual decision making diverges from the rational model: misperceptions, affective bias, and cognitive bias. 12. Explain the group psychology that affects decision-making processes – both positively and negatively. 13. Discuss the notion of crisis and how crises affect the process of policy selection and implementation. Chapter 3 is the first of two chapters covering alternatives to realism. As opposed to realism, which focuses on dominance solutions to collective goods problems, these alternatives focus on the reciprocity and identity principles. They are also more optimistic than realism about the prospects for peace. The chapter begins with the assertion that war is less prevalent now than in previous periods of time. Liberal
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This note was uploaded on 01/31/2010 for the course PLS 211 taught by Professor Snyderwine during the Winter '10 term at Grand Valley State University.

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After reading Chapter 3 - After reading Chapter 3, the...

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