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Unformatted text preview: Abnormal Psych Test 1 Chapter 1: Int roduction and Historical Overview Psychopathology: the field concerned with the nature, development, and treatment of mental disorders Stigma: the destructive beliefs held by a society that are ascribed to groups considered different in some manner, such as people with mental illness. Stigma has four characteristics 1) a label is applied to a group that distinguishes them from other people (crazy) 2) the label is linked to deviant or undesirable attributes by society (crazy people are dangerous) 3) people with the label are seen as different then those without the label (us vs them) 4) people with the label are discriminated against unfairly (we dont want crazy people living here) Mental disorder: the DSM-IV-TR defines mental disorder as a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern. The definition includes a number of key features, including Personal distress- a persons behavior may be classified as disordered it causes him great distress (anxiety and depression) Disability- impairment in some important area of life such as work or personal relationships (phobias) Violation of social norms- social norms are considered widely held standards, if they are violated your behavior may be considered disordered (OCD, Schizophrenia) Dysfunction- said to occur when an internal mechanism is unable to perform its natural function However these symptoms are important, not all are present in all mental disorders and some can be existent without mental disorder being present. None are thought to be the best History of Psychopathology: Early Explanations 1.2 Demonology: the doctrine that an evil spirit can dwell within a person and control his or her mind and body. The belief that odd behavior was caused by possession led to treating it with exorcism : the ritualistic casting out of evil spirits Early biological explanations: in the fifth century Hippocrates- often called the father of modern medicine, separated medicine from religion Dark Ages and Demonology: return to a belief in supernatural causes of mental disorders, persecution of witches, after that many cities in Europe developed mental hospitals which were run by the church and those considered mentally ill in lunacy t rials could stay there Asylums: developed because of large rates of leprosy, they were refuges for the confinement and care of people with mental illness Conditions in asylums and mental hospitals were pretty brutal and methods such as draining blood were thought to be effective treatment. Pinel was associated with the movement for humanitarian treatment is people with mental illness in asylums Moral treatment: patients had close contact with attendants, and residents lived in conditions as close to normal as possible. Dorothea Dix was a crusader for improved conditions for people with mental illness, she helped see that 32 state hospitals were built....
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- Fall '09