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Abnormal Psych Test 2 Study Guide

Abnormal Psych Test 2 Study Guide - Abnormal Psych Test 2...

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Abnormal Psych Test 2 Study Guide; Chapters 6, 7, 8, 10, 11 CHAPTER 6: DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS AND SOMATOFORM DISORDERS - the onset of both types of these disorders is hypothesized to be related to some stressful experience, yet symptoms do not involve direct expressions of anxiety. Dissociative disorders : disorders in which the normal integration of consciousness, memory, or self- identity is suddenly and temporarily altered; include dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality), and depersonalization disorder. These are all presumed to be caused by a common mechanism; extreme dissociation Dissociation: a process whereby a group of mental processes is split off from the mainstream of consciousness, or behavior loses its relationship with the rest of the personality, thus it involves the failure of consciousness to perform its usual task of integrating our cognitions, emotions, motivations, and other aspects of experience in our awareness People with these types of disorders may be unable to recall important personal events, temporarily forget identity, or may wander far from usual surroundings, psychodynamic and behavioral theorists consider pathological dissociation to be an avoidance mechanism to protect the person from consciously experiencing stressful events 1) Dissociative amnesia: a dissociative disorder in which the person suddenly becomes unable to recall important personal info to an extent that can’t be explained by ordinary forgetfulness, usually info about a traumatic experience. Info is not permanently lost, the amnesia may last a few hours or years Explicit memory – memory involving the conscious recall of experiences; the area of deficits typically seen in dissociative amnesia. (describing a bike you had as a child) Implicit memory – memory that underlies behavior but is based on experiences that can’t be consciously recalled; typically not compromised in cases of dissociative amnesia. (how to ride the bike underlies the behavior of actually riding one) 2) Dissociative fugue (flee): disorder in which the person experiences total amnesia, moves, and establishes a new identity. Can occur after person experiences intense trauma, however it is rare, usually longer periods for which there is no memory than dissociative amnesia 3) Depersonalization disorder: a dissociative disorder in which the individual feels unreal and estranged from the self and surroundings enough to disrupt functioning. People with this disorder may feel that their extremities have changed in size or that they are watching themselves from a distance. Unlike the other dissociative disorders it involves no disturbance of memory. Usually begin in adolescence and have a chronic course- for diagnosis it is necessary that the depersonalization cannot be explained by another disorder 4) Dissociative identity disorder (DID) – a rare dissociative disorder (formerly called multiple
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