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psych paradigms s.g

psych paradigms s.g - Paradigms-what should be studied how...

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Paradigms: -what should be studied - how we should gather data -how to think about behavior -describe -etiology (history) - how to treat it STATISTICAL PARADIGMS -based on idea of infrequency or what is average central tendancy: average variability: range -normalcy defined as no deviation from average evaluate: -relies on high or low frequency -no indication of etiology -no direction of treatment -fails to specidy what to measure -DOES show where you are compared to average PHYSIOLOGICAL PARADIGMS -behavioral abnormality involves a disturbance in physiological processes (chicken and egg theory) -deviant behavior is pathological and diagnoses are based on symptom patterns genetic factors: neurotransmitter dysfunctions (dope and nore) brain dysfunction: physiological over/under arousal - over: ultrasensitive, sometimes phobic - under: may lead to arousal seeking behaviors (psycho) -often no direction for treatment because no physical factors are indentified PSYCHOANALYTIC PARADIGM -based on a theory of the causes of abnormal behavir and largely on observation of a select group of patients -major emphasis on treatment, not cause on the cause of psychopathy - childhood experiences are important ego analysis: after freuds death, less emphasis on tranference, people can control their enviroment Psychotherapy: professional tries to help another person behave and feel differently -Rorschach test: inkblots Stages of psychosexual development: at each level there is conflict and response to frustration -oral stage: stage of infancy with weening, seen later in life (chewing gum, alc…) A-nal stage: potty training around 2 anal retentive: non compliant, stingy anal expulsive: acts out, aggressive
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-Phallic stage: 3-6 years, edipus complex -Latency period: 6-12, sexual regression -genital stage: adolescence and normal adulthood ego defense mechanisms: deals with anxiety by resolving conflict, works at the uncouncious level where we don’t resolve conflict -repression: when we repress a conflict that generates anxiety that builds up with each repressed conflict - projection: “ well that person is probs cheating…” - reaction formation: coming to view motif as opp. “I love my mom”
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