PYSC TEST 3 - Natalie Haft Pysch notes 12,13,14,17 CHAPTER...

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Natalie Haft Pysch notes 12,13,14,17 CHAPTER 12: PERSONALITY DISORDERS Personality disorders: a heterogeneous group of disorders defined by long standing, pervasive, and inflexible patterns of behavior and inner experience that deviate from the expectations of a person’s culture that are not diagnosed unless the cause distress or functional impairment. - manifested n at least two of the following areas: cognitions, emotions, relationship, and impulse control. - By definition personality disorders are supposed to be more stable over time than Axis 1 disorders Five factor Model: major dimensions of the personality - neuroticism - extraversion/introversion - openness to experience - agreeableness/antagonism - conscientiousness -dimensions of the personality are moderately heritable - simply describes the components of the disorder -each of the 6 facets has 5 facets or components that describe the facets 3 Clusters: CLUSTER A (odd or eccentric behaviors) CLUSTER B (dramatic, emotional, or erratic behaviors) CLUSTER C ( anxious or fearful behaviors) CLUSTER A - PARANOID: distrust and suspiciousness of others -diff from paranoid schizophrenia because there are no hallucinations and there is less impairment in social and occupational functioning -SCHIZOID: detachment from social relationships and restricted range of emotional expressions
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-rarely experience strong emotions, not interested in sex, few pleasurable activities, solitary, indifferent to praise or criticism, loners -SCHIZOTYPICAL: lack of capacity for close relationships, cognitive distortions and eccentric behavior -milder versions of the symptoms that describe schizophrenia -might have odd beliefs or magical thinking, ideas of reference, suspicious and paranoid ideation, use words in unusual and unclear fashions, illusions (inaccurate sensory perceptions) CLUSTER B - ANTISOCIAL: disregard for and violation of the rights of others 1. a pervasive pattern or disregard for the rights of others since the age of 15 2. the presence of a conduct disorder -people with APD show irresponsibility and anti-social behavior by working only inconsistently, breaking laws, being irritable, physically aggressive, defaulting on debts, recklessness and impulsitivity, neglecting to plan ahead, show little regard for the truth and little remorse for misdeeds. -genetic factors: moderately heritable but genetic, behavioral, and family influences are very hard to disentangle social cultural factors: the family environment might be particularly important when a child has an inherent tendency toward antisocial behavior - Difference between APD and psychopathy: APD is included in the DSM-IV-TR where psychopathy isn’t. psychopathy referrers to less behavior and more of the person’s thoughts and feelings (American psycho) pyschopathy: poverty of emotions both positive and negative, no sense of shame, tier seemingly positive feelings for others are merely an act, superficially charming, use charm to manipulate others for personal gain, lack of anxiety makes it impossible for them to learn from their mistakes -emotion and psychopathy: -inability to profit from experience or even from punishment
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