geofinalstudyguide

geofinalstudyguide - Final Exam Study Guide Section 01(9:30...

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Final Exam Study Guide EENS111 Section 01 (9:30 class): Friday, Dec 11, 8:00 am Section 03 (5:30 class): Thursday, Dec 10, 5:30 pm There will be NO MAKE-UPS. If you miss the Final, you fail the class! Exam Info: Exam is worth 150 points of final grade There will be ~ 100 questions, majority multiple choice, some one-word answer, and some matching between photos of geologic features and their names You will be allowed a note sheet. Note sheets must be handwritten and can fill both sides of a single 8.5x11 sheet. You will not be allowed to use your note sheet if you fail to comply with these guidelines. Exam Topics : The exam is cumulative, but ~ 40 % will focus on material since the last exam. Previous Chapters: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18 (18.4-18.8), 19 Chapters since the last exam: 18.3, 20, 21, 22, 23 Old Material: Scientific method: What are the steps of the scientific method? What is the difference between a hypothesis and a theory? What is the difference between observations (or results) and interpretations? Inside the earth (2): What are the major layers inside the Earth? What are the differences between the physically defined layers versus the chemically defined layers? What is the bulk composition of the Earth? How do we know what is inside the Earth? Plate Tectonics (3 & 4): What is continental drift, sea floor spreading and plate tectonics? What evidence supports the theory of plate tectonics? What was the significance of symmetrical magnetic reversal stripes on the sea floor? What are the different plate boundaries? What tectonic features are associated with each (i.e. subduction zones, mountain ranges, spreading ridges, etc)? How do characteristics of the seafloor change as you move away from a mid-ocean ridge? Where (geographic locations) in the world would you find each type of boundary? What types of hazards are associated with each type of boundary? Minerals (5) : What is the composition of the crust (major elements)? What is a mineral? What are the major types of bonding? What physical properties can be used to distinguish different minerals? What group of minerals is most abundant in the Earth’s crust? Igneous Rocks (6) : How do igneous rocks form? Where do igneous rocks form? How is melt produced at subduction zones? How is melt produced at spreading centers? What distinguishes the 6 major igneous rocks (basalt, andesite, rhyolite, gabbro, diorite, granite)? How are they classified? What are some major intrusive igneous structures? Describe how igneous rocks fit into the rock cycle. Sedimentary Rocks (7) : How do sedimentary rocks form (weathering, erosion, transport, deposition, lithification)? What are the main differences between the two types of weathering (chemical and physical)? What is differential weathering and what effect does it have on the landscape? What are the three main transport mechanisms of sediments? What is the law of superposition? How do sediments mature as they travel further from the source? What are the main classifications of sedimentary rocks (e.g. clastic, biochemical, etc)? What are some examples of clastic sedimentary rocks? Describe how
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