Bis2C-Fall09-PhylogenyStudyGuide

Bis2C-Fall09-PhylogenyStudyGuide - Phylogeny, Phylogenetic...

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Phylogeny, Phylogenetic Trees and Phylogenetic Inference Study Guide (Bis2C Fall 2009) This is an outline of some of the major concepts and topics you need to know about. This is NOT an exhaustive list but merely a guide to most of the major concepts. Most of this material was covered in Lectures 1-5 but some additional material about phylogenetic methods came later in the class. Key topics covered and some detail you should know about those topics What is Phylogeny o Phylogeny o Phylogenetic tree o Tree of life Oversimplifications in a phylogenetic tree o Understand examples o Give examples How to read and manipulate phylogenetic trees o Components of a phylogenetic tree Be able to label a tree Understand what the different parts of a phylogenetic tree mean (e.g., a node is both a point of a split AND a hypothetical common ancestor) o Different ways of drawing trees Vertical vs. horizontal Cladogram vs. phylogram o Branch rotation Be able to take a tree and redraw it with branches rotated
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Bis2C-Fall09-PhylogenyStudyGuide - Phylogeny, Phylogenetic...

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