Warfare - Introduction and Motives of Terrorism History of...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction and Motives of Terrorism History of Biological Warfare Present Warfare Threats Summary and Conclusions Biological Warfare Agents I. Introduction and Motives of Terrorism To influence thoughts or actions. Common targets: humans, commerce, animals, crops, physical materials. Why use warfare agents – Simple and cheap to produce in large quantities Easy to disseminate to cause large casualty numbers. Easy to produce fear and panic 184 BC naval battle between Carthage, led by Hannibal, and King Eumenes of Perganum. Hurled vases filled with venomous snakes onto opposing ships. II. History of Biological Warfare Middle Ages and the Black Death Tartar soldiers hurdled cadavers of plague victims over the city walls of Caffa in the Middle Ages. The Genoese who fled to Italy may have spread the Black Death to Europe, killing one third of the population. Smallpox in the New World In the 1500s, Francisco Pizarro gave the indigenous peoples of South America smallpox-infected clothing. During the French and Indian Wars (1754-1763), Sir Jeffrey Amherst gave Native Americans loyal to the French smallpox-contaminated blankets. World War I – 1914 to 1918 Germans reportedly shipped livestock infected with anthrax and other pathogens to the US, Russia and other Allies. World War II – 1939 to 1945 Japanese biological weapons program (Unit 731) used over 3,000 POWs for experimentation....
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Warfare - Introduction and Motives of Terrorism History of...

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