Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Racial and Ethnic Politics-minority...

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Chapter 3 Racial and Ethnic Politics -minority voters grew in number and began to elect African American and Hispanic members of Congress to the Texas leislature -despite such efforts, Texas legislature dismantled such minority-opportunity districts to preserve Anglo Democratic incumbents -race issue now overwhelms redistricting -impact of redistricting on racial groups is more complex than either party tends to suggest Racial and Ethnic Minorities in Texas African American Voters -most African America voters are in largely segregated communities in a handful of urban counties -largest concentrations: -Harris County (Houston) -Dallas County (Dallas) -substantial concentrations: -Tarrant County (Fort Worth) -Travis County (Austin) -Bexar County (San Antonio) -African American voters in Texas vote overwhelmingly Democrat (upward of 90%) -adding to the potency of African American voters is their high voting participation (equaled the rate of Anglo voters but fell behind the participation rate in more affluent Anglo counties) -in redistricting, Republicans wanted to disperse the African American communities where they could be overwhelmed by votes of white, Republican voters -black voters could be a majority of Democratc voters in the primary even if they were a minority in the district -therefore, black voters in Texas were able to determine the winning candidate in districts where the winner of the Democratic primary would win the election Hispanic Voters -African American population in past years has remained stable, Hispanic population has grown -2004 – estimated that Anglos no longer made up the majority in Texas (possible that Anglos no longer majority during redistricting of 2003) -growth mainly along Texas-Mexico border -Hildago County (McAllen) -Webb County (Laredo) -2 problems posed by dispersion of Hispanics among predominantly Anglo or African American districts 1. Hispanic presence can be misleading in the breakdown of segregated housing patterns (in midst of Anglo/African American neighborhoods) 2. Hispanic populations are in rural counties that are largely segregated with less
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populated Anglo counties -complicates any effort to draw a proportionate number of districts statewide with a Hispanic voting majority -districts drawn are unlikely to have a majority of Hispanics
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Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Racial and Ethnic Politics-minority...

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