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Enelow Chapter Summaries

Enelow Chapter Summaries - Chapter 5 The Democratic Smother...

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Chapter 5: The Democratic Smother I. GOP only attracts white voters – these districts few and far between outside of Blue Ridge II. In the 1960s and 70s = era of conservative democrat dominance III. JFK/LBJ civil rights bills southern democrats distant themselves from national party and look to conservative constituents for support (same group Goldwater GOP trying to attract) A. Lots of conservative democrat incumbents/running for open seats made it almost impossible for GOP to get elected B. Conservative democrats broke from party on racial issues but used things like Medicare and Social Security to their favor IV. Demography as a Continuing Democrat Asset A. Federal intervention in race relations coincided with Supreme Court 1964 decision that congressional districts represent equal numbers of people i. Court case = Wesberry v. Sanders B. White NS districts – less than 15% black, majority urban i. Most likely to generate 2-party competition because of huge white population and expanding middle class C. White OS districts – less an 15% black, majority rural i. Mostly mountain GOP D. Biracial NS districts – 15+% black, majority urban E. Biracial OS districts – 15+% black, majority rural F. NS districts = largest setting for southern congressional elections – GOP does a lot better in metropolitan settings G. Most significant contract of DS/PS = racial composition V. The Conservative Advantage in White Public Opinion A. Spread of big city/suburban districts more advanced in PS than OS i. PS = more concerned with economics of growing white middle class with subtle racial considerations B. Conservative white dissatisfaction with federal presence could be seen in presidential elections of 1964 and 1968 i. Those who didn’t like federal intervention voted for Goldwater and Wallace C. Wallace runs as 3 rd party candidate – runs after Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act pass and black power movement starts to emerge i. Runs on platform of nationalizing the politics of race D. Goldwater and Wallace differ on economic concerns i. Goldwater = economic conservative, friend of upward mobile whites who believe they are overtaxed/overregulated by the federal government ii. Wallace = economic populists, friend of “little” white man/woman E. Goldwater/Wallace receive zero black support and therefore country-level results underestimate their support i. Wallace wins 61% of white vote in DS and 31% in PS F. Four situations that emerge when PS and DS counties grouped according to their votes for Goldwater/Wallace (Graph page 151) i. High-high counties – majority vote for both Goldwater and Wallace – white opinion = extremely racial conservative
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ii. Neither have majority = less pervasive white opposition to racial change iii. Wallace majority but no Goldwater majority – normally democrat counties responsive to Wallace racial conservatism and “little man” economics iv. Goldwater majority but no Wallace = 3 situations a. Traditionally GOP counties that didn’t support Wallace (E. TN) b.
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